Economic Institutions And Competitiveness Of Economy With Emphasis On Montenegro
The competitiveness of economy has become a key term in economic trends. It is related to all strategic issues of sustainable economic development. A sure way for its preserving in unstable conditions would include increasing competition, and modernization of the economy which would lead to knowledge economy, innovations and institutional development. Knowledge and innovations also depend on development of institutions and support. This is the reason why the starting point is the hypothesis that the competitiveness of economy dominantly depends on the degree of development and the efficiency of economic institutes. This paper considers the importance of economic institutionalization, and some elementary causes and conditions that prevented a pluralistic and even monistic performance of individual economic institutes (such as competition, market regulation, etc.) in most transition countries, and led to their objective substitution by the quasi-Institutes of sociopathological and anti-institutional nature. The primary importance pluralistic synergy of economic institutions is stressed for the development of competition. The analysis of the competitiveness in Montenegro points to urgent strengthening of institutional development factors and appropriate ambient.
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