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A magyarországi felvételi rendszerek sajátosságai
[Specific features of Hungarys system of school and university admissions]

  • Kóczy Á., László

    ()

Magyarországon a középiskolai és felsőoktatási felvételi is központi besorolás szerint történik. Ebben a tanulmányban célunk a felvételi rendszerek kritikus elemzése, a besorolást meghatározó párosítási algoritmusok és tulajdonságaik ismertetése. A középiskolai felvételi rendszer a hallgatóoptimális késleltetett elfogadási algoritmus tiszta alkalmazása, míg a felsőoktatási felvételi, az úgynevezett vonalhúzás szintén ezen az algoritmuson alapszik, de az eredeti algoritmusnál közérthetőbb formában. A hallgatóoptimális késleltetett elfogadási algoritmus az egyik alapvető és sokat tanulmányozott párosítási mechanizmus, amelyre mind a párosítások stabilitása, mind a hallgatók őszintesége teljesül. Ez a két tulajdonság csak igen jól működő mechanizmusokat jellemezhet. Sajnos az algoritmus alkalmazásához néhány olyan technikai módosításra is szükség volt, amelyek veszélyeztetik ezeket a jellemzőket: a többszintű keretszámok és a minimális induló létszámok olyan párosításokat is adhatnak, amelyek nem stabilak, míg a jelentkezések számával lineárisan növő jelentkezési díj tulajdonképpen az őszinteséget bünteti. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód:C71, D61, D71.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): LVII (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 142-164

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1148
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.kszemle.hu

Order Information: Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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  1. Braun, Sebastian & Dwenger, Nadja & Kübler, Dorothea, 2007. "Telling the Truth May Not Pay Off: An Empirical Study of Centralised University Admissions in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 3261, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Elliott Peranson & Alvin E. Roth, 1999. "The Redesign of the Matching Market for American Physicians: Some Engineering Aspects of Economic Design," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(4), pages 748-780, September.
  3. Caterina Calsamiglia & Guillaume Haeringer & Flip Klijn, 2010. "Constrained School Choice: An Experimental Study," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(4), pages 1860-74, September.
  4. Sebastian Braun & Nadja Dwenger & Dorothea Kübler, 2007. "Telling the Truth May Not Pay Off," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 759, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  5. Atila Abdulkadiroglu & Tayfun Sönmez, 2003. "School Choice: A Mechanism Design Approach," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(3), pages 729-747, June.
  6. Haluk I. Ergin, 2002. "Efficient Resource Allocation on the Basis of Priorities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(6), pages 2489-2497, November.
  7. Atila Abdulkadiroglu & Parag A. Pathak & Alvin E. Roth & Tayfun Sönmez, 2006. "Changing the Boston School Choice Mechanism," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 639, Boston College Department of Economics.
  8. John H. Kagel & Alvin E. Roth, 2000. "The Dynamics of Reorganization in Matching Markets: A Laboratory Experiment Motivated by a Natural Experiment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 115(1), pages 201-235.
  9. José Alcalde, 1995. "Implementation of Stable Solutions to Marriage Problems," Working Papers. Serie AD 1995-05, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  10. Antonio Romero-Medina, 1998. "Implementation of stable solutions in a restricted matching market," Review of Economic Design, Springer, vol. 3(2), pages 137-147.
  11. Guillaume Haeringer & Flip Klijn, 2008. "Constrained School Choice," Working Papers 294, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  12. Roth, Alvin E, 1984. "The Evolution of the Labor Market for Medical Interns and Residents: A Case Study in Game Theory," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(6), pages 991-1016, December.
  13. Roth, Alvin E, 1991. "A Natural Experiment in the Organization of Entry-Level Labor Markets: Regional Markets for New Physicians and Surgeons in the United Kingdom," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(3), pages 415-40, June.
  14. Chung-Piaw Teo & Jay Sethuraman & Wee-Peng Tan, 2001. "Gale-Shapley Stable Marriage Problem Revisited: Strategic Issues and Applications," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 47(9), pages 1252-1267, September.
  15. László Á. Kóczy, 2009. "Központi felvételi rendszerek: Taktikázás és stabilitás," Working Paper Series 0901, Óbuda University, Keleti Faculty of Business and Management.
  16. Roth, Alvin E., 1985. "The college admissions problem is not equivalent to the marriage problem," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 277-288, August.
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