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A magyarországi felvételi rendszerek sajátosságai
[Specific features of Hungarys system of school and university admissions]

  • Kóczy Á., László

    ()

Magyarországon a középiskolai és felsőoktatási felvételi is központi besorolás szerint történik. Ebben a tanulmányban célunk a felvételi rendszerek kritikus elemzése, a besorolást meghatározó párosítási algoritmusok és tulajdonságaik ismertetése. A középiskolai felvételi rendszer a hallgatóoptimális késleltetett elfogadási algoritmus tiszta alkalmazása, míg a felsőoktatási felvételi, az úgynevezett vonalhúzás szintén ezen az algoritmuson alapszik, de az eredeti algoritmusnál közérthetőbb formában. A hallgatóoptimális késleltetett elfogadási algoritmus az egyik alapvető és sokat tanulmányozott párosítási mechanizmus, amelyre mind a párosítások stabilitása, mind a hallgatók őszintesége teljesül. Ez a két tulajdonság csak igen jól működő mechanizmusokat jellemezhet. Sajnos az algoritmus alkalmazásához néhány olyan technikai módosításra is szükség volt, amelyek veszélyeztetik ezeket a jellemzőket: a többszintű keretszámok és a minimális induló létszámok olyan párosításokat is adhatnak, amelyek nem stabilak, míg a jelentkezések számával lineárisan növő jelentkezési díj tulajdonképpen az őszinteséget bünteti. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód:C71, D61, D71.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): LVII (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 142-164

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1148
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.kszemle.hu

Order Information: Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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  1. Sebastian Braun & Nadja Dwenger & Dorothea Kübler, 2007. "Telling the Truth May Not Pay Off: An Empirical Study of Centralised University Admissions in Germany," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2007-070, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  2. Alcalde, Jose, 1996. "Implementation of Stable Solutions to Marriage Problems," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 240-254, April.
  3. László Á. Kóczy, 2009. "Központi felvételi rendszerek: Taktikázás és stabilitás," Working Paper Series 0901, Óbuda University, Keleti Faculty of Business and Management.
  4. Atila Abdulkadiroglu & Parag A. Pathak & Alvin E. Roth & Tayfun Sönmez, 2006. "Changing the Boston School Choice Mechanism," Levine's Bibliography 122247000000001022, UCLA Department of Economics.
  5. Guillaume Haeringer & Flip Klijn, 2006. "Constrained School Choice," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 671.06, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC), revised 02 Dec 2008.
  6. Elliott Peranson & Alvin E. Roth, 1999. "The Redesign of the Matching Market for American Physicians: Some Engineering Aspects of Economic Design," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(4), pages 748-780, September.
  7. Roth, Alvin E., 1985. "The college admissions problem is not equivalent to the marriage problem," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 277-288, August.
  8. Guillaume Haeringer & Caterina Calsamiglia & Flip Klijn, 2009. "Constrained School Choice: An Experimental Study," Working Papers 2009.29, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  9. Chung-Piaw Teo & Jay Sethuraman & Wee-Peng Tan, 2001. "Gale-Shapley Stable Marriage Problem Revisited: Strategic Issues and Applications," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 47(9), pages 1252-1267, September.
  10. John H. Kagel & Alvin E. Roth, 2000. "The Dynamics Of Reorganization In Matching Markets: A Laboratory Experiment Motivated By A Natural Experiment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 115(1), pages 201-235, February.
  11. Haluk I. Ergin, 2002. "Efficient Resource Allocation on the Basis of Priorities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(6), pages 2489-2497, November.
  12. Roth, Alvin E, 1991. "A Natural Experiment in the Organization of Entry-Level Labor Markets: Regional Markets for New Physicians and Surgeons in the United Kingdom," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(3), pages 415-40, June.
  13. Atila Abdulkadiroglu & Tayfun Sönmez, 2003. "School Choice: A Mechanism Design Approach," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(3), pages 729-747, June.
  14. Sebastian Braun & Nadja Dwenger & Dorothea Kübler, 2007. "Telling the Truth May Not Pay Off," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 759, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  15. Antonio Romero-Medina, 1998. "Implementation of stable solutions in a restricted matching market," Review of Economic Design, Springer, vol. 3(2), pages 137-147.
  16. Roth, Alvin E, 1984. "The Evolution of the Labor Market for Medical Interns and Residents: A Case Study in Game Theory," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(6), pages 991-1016, December.
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