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Prices and Departures in European Domestic Aviation Markets

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  • Fredrik Carlsson

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Abstract

Using data on 172 domestic city-pair markets in eight European countries, we investigate the effect of the market structure on airlines choices of departures and prices. We find that flag carriers have a higher number of departures than other airlines and that it is more likely that flag carriers are monopolists. At the same time flag carriers do not have a higher ticket price than other airlines. The influence of market power, measured with the Herfindahl index, does not have a significant effect on ticket prices, but a significant effect on the number of departures: decreased market concentration and an increased number of airlines results in increased aggregate frequencies. Comparing the predicted ticket prices, at sample mean, between monopoly and non-monopoly routes we can reject the hypothesis of differences in equilibrium price. However, the predicted aggregate number of departures, calculated at sample mean, is significantly higher at non-monopoly routes compared with monopoly routes.

Suggested Citation

  • Fredrik Carlsson, 2004. "Prices and Departures in European Domestic Aviation Markets," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 24(1), pages 37-49, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:revind:v:24:y:2004:i:1:p:37-49
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bilotkach, Volodymyr & Fageda, Xavier & Flores-Fillol, Ricardo, 2010. "Scheduled service versus personal transportation: The role of distance," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 60-72, January.
    2. Enrico Bachis & Claudio A. Piga, 2006. "Hub Premium, Airport Dominance and Market Power in the European Airline Industry," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 96(5), pages 11-54, September.
    3. Angela Stefania Bergantino & Capozza, Claudia, 2012. "Airline Pricing Behaviour Under Limited Intermodal Competition," Working Papers 12_6, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica, revised 2012.
    4. Xavier Fageda, 2006. "Measuring Conduct and Cost Parameters in the Spanish Airline Market," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 28(4), pages 379-399, June.
    5. Richard Chiburis & Michael Lokshin, 2007. "Maximum likelihood and two-step estimation of an ordered-probit selection model," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 7(2), pages 167-182, June.
    6. Bergantino, Angela Stefania & Capozza, Claudia, 2014. "One price for all? The role of market captivity as a price discrimination device: evidence from the Italia city-pair markets," Working Papers 1401, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica.
    7. Bergantino, Angela Stefania & Capozza, Claudia, 2015. "One price for all? Price discrimination and market captivity: Evidence from the Italian city-pair markets," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 231-244.
    8. Angela Stefania Bergantino & Claudia Capozza, 2015. "Airline Pricing Behavior Under Limited Inter-Modal Competition," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 53(1), pages 700-713, January.
    9. Bergantino, Angela Stefania & Capozza, Claudia, 2014. "One price for all? The role of market captivity as a price discrimination device: evidence from the Italia city-pair markets," Working Papers 14_1, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica.
    10. Alfaro Navarro, José-Luis & Andrés Martínez, María-Encarnación & Trinquecoste, Jean-François, 2015. "The effect of the economic crisis on the behaviour of airline ticket prices. A case-study analysis of the New York–Madrid route," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 48-53.
    11. Ofelia Betancor & Juan Luis Jiménez, 2011. "When trains go faster than planes: the strategic reaction of airlines in Spain," ERSA conference papers ersa11p295, European Regional Science Association.
    12. Angela Stefania Bergantino & Claudia Capozza, 2015. "Airline Pricing Behavior Under Limited Inter-Modal Competition," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 53(1), pages 700-713, 01.
    13. Alderighi, Marco, 2010. "Fare dispersions in airline markets: A quantitative assessment of theoretical explanations," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 144-150.

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