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Measuring Effective Tax Rates in the Presence of Multiple Inputs: A Production Based Approach

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  • Kenneth McKenzie
  • Jack Mintz
  • Kimberly Scharf

Abstract

We suggest a new method for comparing tax regimes acrossjurisdictions. The approach aggregates taxes on inputs by focussingon production, rather than investment, decisions. Taxes on variousinputs affect production decisions by increasing marginal costs.By calculating the difference between the tax-inclusive and tax-exclusivemarginal cost of production, we determine the effective excisetax rate on marginal costs implied by all of the various taxesimposed upon the firm‘s inputs. The effective tax rate on marginalcosts provides a convenient summary measure of the potentialimpact of taxes on all inputs on production location decisions. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

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  • Kenneth McKenzie & Jack Mintz & Kimberly Scharf, 1997. "Measuring Effective Tax Rates in the Presence of Multiple Inputs: A Production Based Approach," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 4(3), pages 337-359, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:itaxpf:v:4:y:1997:i:3:p:337-359
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1008620522432
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. King, Mervyn A. & Fullerton, Don, 2010. "The Taxation of Income from Capital," National Bureau of Economic Research Books, University of Chicago Press, number 9780226436319.
    2. Jack M. Mintz & Douglas D. Purvis, 1987. "Taxation and Business Activity: A Survey," Working Paper 696, Economics Department, Queen's University.
    3. Robin Boadway & Neil Bruce & Jack Mintz, 1984. "Taxation, Inflation, and the Effective Marginal Tax Rate on Capital in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 17(1), pages 62-79, February.
    4. Kenneth J. McKenzie, 1994. "The Implications of Risk and Irreversibility for the Measurement of Marginal Effective Tax Rates on Capital," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 27(3), pages 604-619, August.
    5. Chun-Yan Kuo & Thomas Mcgirr & Satya Poddar, 1988. "Measuring the Non-Neutralities of Sales and Excise Taxes in Canada," Development Discussion Papers 1988-08, JDI Executive Programs.
    6. R. W. Boadway & N. Bruce & J. Mintz, 1982. "Corporate Taxation and the Cost of Holding Inventories," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 15(2), pages 278-293, May.
    7. Wilton, D & Prescott, D., 1993. "The Effects of Tax Increases on Wage and Labour Costs," Papers 93-29, Queen's at Kingston - School of Policy Studies.
    8. Kenneth McKenzie & Jack Mintz, 1992. "Tax Effects on the Cost of Capital," NBER Chapters, in: Canada-U.S. Tax Comparisons, pages 189-216, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Gérard, Marcel & Beauchot, Laurence & Jamaels, Sylvie & Valenduc, Christian, 1997. "MESC (Marginal Effective Statutory Charge), an extension of King-Fullerton methodology," Discussion Papers, Series II 353, University of Konstanz, Collaborative Research Centre (SFB) 178 "Internationalization of the Economy".
    10. Mervyn A. King & Don Fullerton, 1984. "Introduction to "The Taxation of Income from Capital: A Comparative Study of the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Germany"," NBER Chapters, in: The Taxation of Income from Capital: A Comparative Study of the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Germany, pages 1-6, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. John B. Shoven & John Whalley, 1992. "Canada-U.S. Tax Comparisons," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number shov92-1, May.
    12. Alan J. Auerbach, 1979. "Wealth Maximization and the Cost of Capital," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 93(3), pages 433-446.
    13. Mervyn A. King & Don Fullerton, 1984. "The Taxation of Income from Capital: A Comparative Study of the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Germany," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number king84-1, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael P. Devereux, 2003. "Measuring Taxes on Income from Capital," CESifo Working Paper Series 962, CESifo.
    2. Jack Mintz, 2008. "Reply/Réponse ­ Fiscal Competitiveness and Total Competitiveness: A Note," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 34(4), pages 519-520, December.
    3. Richard Fabling & Norman Gemmell & Richard Kneller & Lynda Sanderson, 2013. "Estimating Firm-Level Effective Marginal Tax Rates and the User Cost of Capital in New Zealand," Treasury Working Paper Series 13/29, New Zealand Treasury.
    4. Creedy, John & Gemmell, Norman, 2015. "Taxation and the User Cost of Capital : An Introduction," Working Paper Series 4236, Victoria University of Wellington, Chair in Public Finance.
    5. Bev Dahlby, 2012. "Reforming the Tax Mix in Canada," SPP Research Papers, The School of Public Policy, University of Calgary, vol. 5(14), April.
    6. Bev Dahlby & Kevin Milligan, 2017. "From theory to practice: Canadian economists contributions to public finance," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 50(5), pages 1324-1347, December.
    7. Gérard, Marcel & Beauchot, Laurence & Jamaels, Sylvie & Valenduc, Christian, 1997. "MESC (Marginal Effective Statutory Charge), an extension of King-Fullerton methodology," Discussion Papers, Series II 353, University of Konstanz, Collaborative Research Centre (SFB) 178 "Internationalization of the Economy".
    8. Desai, Mihir A. & Foley, C. Fritz & Hines, James Jr., 2004. "Foreign direct investment in a world of multiple taxes," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(12), pages 2727-2744, December.
    9. Jack Mintz, 2018. "Global Implications of U.S. Tax Reform," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 71(07), pages 22-35, April.
    10. Garret Kent Fellows, "undated". "The Yield Curve as a Determinant of Investment in Durable Capital," Working Papers 2014-38, Department of Economics, University of Calgary, revised 06 Nov 2014.
    11. Duanjie Chen & Jack Mintz, 2005. "Assessing Ontario's Fiscal Competitiveness," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 31(1), pages 1-28, March.
    12. Barrios, Salvador & Nicodème, Gaëtan & Sanchez Fuentes, Antonio Jesus, 2014. "Effective Corporate Taxation, Tax Incidence and Tax Reforms: Evidence from OECD Countries," CEPR Discussion Papers 10198, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Jack Mintz & Philip Bazel, 2020. "The 2019 Tax Competitiveness Report: Canada’s Investment and Growth Challenge," SPP Research Papers, The School of Public Policy, University of Calgary, vol. 13(1), March.
    14. Jiang, Lei & Zhou, Haifeng & He, Shixiong, 2021. "Does energy efficiency increase at the expense of output performance: Evidence from manufacturing firms in Jiangsu province, China," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 220(C).
    15. Fabling, Richard & Gemmell, Norman & Kneller, Richard & Sanderson, Lynda, 2013. "Estimating Firm-Level Effective Tax Rates and the User Cost of Capital in New Zealand," Working Paper Series 2854, Victoria University of Wellington, Chair in Public Finance.
    16. Jack M. Mintz & Stephen R. Richardson, 2001. "Taxation of Financial Intermediation Activities in Hong Kong," Working Papers 092001, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    17. Karzanova Irina, 2005. "Impact of tax regime on real sector investment in Russia: marginal effective tax rates for physical, human and R&D capital," EERC Working Paper Series 05-16e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
    18. Alena Andrejovska & Veronika Pulikova, 2018. "Tax Revenues in the Context of Economic Determinants," Montenegrin Journal of Economics, Economic Laboratory for Transition Research (ELIT), vol. 14(1), pages 133-141.
    19. Philip Bazel & Jack Mintz & Austin Thompson, 2018. "2017 Tax Competitiveness Report: The Calm Before the Storm," SPP Research Papers, The School of Public Policy, University of Calgary, vol. 11(7), February.
    20. Gérard, Marcel, 1999. "L’imposition des revenus de l’investissement en Europe, une hétérogénéité coûteuse," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 75(1), pages 401-426, mars-juin.
    21. Brahim Elmorchid, 2010. "L’impact des Congés Fiscaux sur le Coût d’usage du Capital dans les Pays Arabes: Cas du Maroc," Working Papers 533, Economic Research Forum, revised 07 Jan 2010.
    22. Alowin Moes, 1999. "Effective Tax Rates on Capital in New Zealand - Changes 1972-1998," Treasury Working Paper Series 99/12, New Zealand Treasury.

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