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Do Credit Cards Really Reduce Aggregate Money Holdings?

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  • Bill Yang

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  • Amanda King

Abstract

This paper discusses whether the use of credit cards reduces aggregate money holdings in an economy. Applying and modifying the Baumol-Tobin model (Baumol Quarterly Journal of Economics 66:545–556, 1952 and Tobin Review of Economics and Statistics 38(3):241–247, 1956 ), it studies how much money a credit card bank would normally maintain to support retail trade, and shows that whether or not the use of credit cards actually reduces the aggregate demand for money depends on how often consumers visit the bank and how long it takes to clear a check. With innovations in the banking industry such as ATMs, online banking, and other electric funds transfer services, the cost of visiting banks (i.e., switching funds between a checkable account and an interest-earning account) is now very low. For the whole economy, as a result, the use of credit cards may not necessarily reduce aggregate money holdings. Copyright International Atlantic Economic Society 2011

Suggested Citation

  • Bill Yang & Amanda King, 2011. "Do Credit Cards Really Reduce Aggregate Money Holdings?," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 39(1), pages 85-95, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:atlecj:v:39:y:2011:i:1:p:85-95
    DOI: 10.1007/s11293-010-9254-y
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11293-010-9254-y
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lang, William W. & Mester, Loretta J. & Vermilyea, Todd A., 2008. "Competitive effects of Basel II on US bank credit card lending," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 478-508, October.
    2. Geoffrey R. Gerdes & Jack K. Walton, 2002. "The use of checks and other noncash payment instruments in the United States," Federal Reserve Bulletin, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), issue Aug, pages 360-374.
    3. Duca, John V & Whitesell, William C, 1995. "Credit Cards and Money Demand: A Cross-sectional Study," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 27(2), pages 604-623, May.
    4. Rothschild, Michael & Stiglitz, Joseph E., 1970. "Increasing risk: I. A definition," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 225-243, September.
    5. Akhand, Hafiz & Milbourne, Ross, 1986. "Credit cards and aggregate money demand," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 471-478.
    6. Rothschild, Michael & Stiglitz, Joseph E., 1971. "Increasing risk II: Its economic consequences," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 3(1), pages 66-84, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Shaliza Azreen Mohd Zulkifli, 2014. "Money: The art of keeping it," Proceedings of International Academic Conferences 0902523, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Aggregate money holdings; Credit card; E40; E41;

    JEL classification:

    • E40 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - General
    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money

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