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Romanian migrants’ journeys as transformational entrepreneurs in London


  • Iuliana Maria CHITAC

    (visiting lecturer and researcher at Westminster University, London, United Kingdom)


Migrant entrepreneurship is recognized as an essential economic driver for host and home countries. However, Eastern European entrepreneurs’ social initiatives and contributions are rarely acknowledged, shadowed by their image of precarity and economic survival in host countries. This Interpretative Phenomenological Study (IPA) challenges this paucity by investigating how 18 London-based Romanian migrant entrepreneurs interviewed (LRMEs) enable transformational entrepreneurial practices transcending their “individual subsistence to create jobs and income for others” (Schoar, 2010, p.5) and contributing positively to Britain’s social fiber. Specifically, this interdisciplinary study draws on Berry’s acculturation model (1997, 2003, 2005) and social learning and self-efficacy theories (Bandura, 1971, 1977). This article contributes to the nascent transformational entrepreneurship scholarship and practice (TE) and policy. Specifically, it demonstrates how these Romanian migrant entrepreneurs enable acculturative belonging for themselves and other stakeholders as they enact through their everyday transformational entrepreneurship practices of role modelling, encouraging other migrants to pursue a socialeconomic entrepreneurial path and acculturative mentoring, supporting them to become custodians of bicultural values and customs, empowered to address social injustice and discrimination.

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  • Iuliana Maria CHITAC, 2022. "Romanian migrants’ journeys as transformational entrepreneurs in London," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 14(3), pages 206-222, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:jes:wpaper:y:2022:v:14:i:3:p:206-222

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lisa Berntsen & Tesseltje de Lange & Ivana Kalaš & Romy Hanoeman, 2022. "Migrant Entrepreneurship Enablers: From Chance Encounters to Community Development," Work, Employment & Society, British Sociological Association, vol. 36(2), pages 271-289, April.
    2. Antoinette Schoar, 2010. "The Divide between Subsistence and Transformational Entrepreneurship," NBER Chapters, in: Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 10, pages 57-81, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Zoltán J. Ács & Erkko Autio & László Szerb, 2015. "National Systems of Entrepreneurship: Measurement issues and policy implications," Chapters, in: Global Entrepreneurship, Institutions and Incentives, chapter 28, pages 523-541, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Michael Wyrwich & Michael Stuetzer & Rolf Sternberg, 2016. "Entrepreneurial role models, fear of failure, and institutional approval of entrepreneurship: a tale of two regions," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 467-492, March.
    5. Karl Wennberg & Saurav Pathak & Erkko Autio, 2013. "How culture moulds the effects of self-efficacy and fear of failure on entrepreneurship," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(9-10), pages 756-780, December.
    6. María Villares-Varela & Caroline Essers, 2019. "Women in the migrant economy. A positional approach to contextualize gendered transnational trajectories," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(3-4), pages 213-225, March.
    7. Friederike Welter & Ted Baker & Katharine Wirsching, 2019. "Three waves and counting: the rising tide of contextualization in entrepreneurship research," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 52(2), pages 319-330, February.
    8. Xu, Feng & Jin, Linlin, 2022. "Impact of daily entrepreneurial stressors on long-term transformational leader behaviors and well-being: Differences in experienced and nascent entrepreneurs," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 280-291.
    9. Sergei Shubin & Heather Dickey, 2013. "Integration and Mobility of Eastern European Migrants in Scotland," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 45(12), pages 2959-2979, December.
    10. Welter, Friederike, 2020. "Contexts and gender: Looking back and thinking forward," Working Papers 01/20, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
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