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National Identities and Socio-Economic Development in European Union


  • Cezar TECLEAN

    () (Ph.D. Candidate at the Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania)


This paper analyses the relationship between identity and level of socio-economic development in the member states of the European Union. This work is an empirical study which uses original data on the number of national mottos and country logos, GDP/ Capita and Human Development Index (HDI) for 2016 disaggregated by states of the EU28. Our findings suggest the existence of a symmetrical interdependence between the consistency of national identities and the degree of socio-economic development, between which there is a relative territorial overlap. We attempt to demonstrate that the symmetry of their arrangement with each other maps out a community-wide asymmetry, resulting in a territorial cohesion deficit and segregated segregation of the Union, generating an asymmetric European Union with more identity-development speeds.

Suggested Citation

  • Cezar TECLEAN, 2018. "National Identities and Socio-Economic Development in European Union," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 10(1), pages 79-97, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:jes:wpaper:y:2018:v:10:i:1:p:79-97

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ruggie, John Gerard, 1993. "Territoriality and beyond: problematizing modernity in international relations," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 47(1), pages 139-174, January.
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    More about this item


    national identities; development; identity indicators; national motto; country logo;

    JEL classification:

    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries


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