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The Influence of the Tax Wedge on Unemployment in OECD Countries in Comparison with Croatia

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  • Anamarija Separovic

    (Zagrebacka banka, Zagreb)

Abstract

The tax wedge is the difference between the employer’s labour costs and the net takehome pay of the employee. An increase in the tax wedge leads to an increase in the companies’ labour costs and thus indirectly influences the level of unemployment. This article will try to answer these questions: Does the tax wedge affect the unemployment rate, how high is the tax wedge in Croatia in comparison with OECD countries, how does the tax wedge affect the unemployment rate in Croatia and would reducing the tax wedge be a solution to reduce unemployment? This article will show that Croatia is a country with a high tax wedge, which has negative affects on employment, and is partly “responsible” for the high unemployment. Thus, in dealing with unemployment problems, Croatia should work on its reduction.

Suggested Citation

  • Anamarija Separovic, 2009. "The Influence of the Tax Wedge on Unemployment in OECD Countries in Comparison with Croatia," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 33(4), pages 463-477.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipf:finteo:v:33:y:2009:i:4:p:463-477
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    File URL: http://www.ijf.hr/eng/FTP/2009/4/separovic.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Isabelle Joumard, 2003. "Tax systems in European Union countries," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2002(1), pages 91-151.
    2. European Commission, 2010. "Taxation trends in the European Union: 2010 edition," Taxation trends 2010, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
    3. European Commission, 2013. "Taxation trends in the European Union: 2013 edition," Taxation trends 2013, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
    4. European Commission, 2008. "Taxation trends in the European Union: 2008 edition," Taxation trends 2008, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
    5. European Commission, 2011. "Taxation trends in the European Union: 2011 edition," Taxation trends 2011, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
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    Keywords

    tax wedge; unemployment rate; labour costs; Croatia; OECD;

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