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Business Unit Strategy and Changes in the Product R&D Budget


  • Donald C. Hambrick

    (Columbia University)

  • Ian C. MacMillan

    (Columbia University)

  • Ricardo R. Barbosa

    (Columbia University)


This study of changes in Product R&D intensity in business units supplements past studies by including two major classes of independent variables which have not been examined previously: the competitive strategy of the business and role of the business in the overall corporate portfolio. Multiple regression analysis is used on a sample drawn from the PIMS data base. The results suggest that R&D decisions in growth businesses are responsive to competition, evolving strategies, and intra-firm resource flows. In mature businesses, a pattern of stability and R&D equilibrium is evident, even in the face of changes by competitors. Managerial implications are noted.

Suggested Citation

  • Donald C. Hambrick & Ian C. MacMillan & Ricardo R. Barbosa, 1983. "Business Unit Strategy and Changes in the Product R&D Budget," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 29(7), pages 757-769, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:29:y:1983:i:7:p:757-769

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ian I. Mitroff, 1972. "The Myth of Objectivity OR Why Science Needs a New Psychology of Science," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 18(10), pages 613-618, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Guoli Chen & Craig Crossland & Shuqing Luo, 2015. "Making the same mistake all over again: CEO overconfidence and corporate resistance to corrective feedback," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(10), pages 1513-1535, October.
    2. Scott A. Shane & Karl T. Ulrich, 2004. "50th Anniversary Article: Technological Innovation, Product Development, and Entrepreneurship in Management Science," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 50(2), pages 133-144, February.
    3. Mariadoss, Babu John & Johnson, Jean L. & Martin, Kelly D., 2014. "Strategic intent and performance: The role of resource allocation decisions," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(11), pages 2393-2402.
    4. Kim, Bongsun & Kim, Eonsoo & Miller, Douglas J. & Mahoney, Joseph T., 2016. "The impact of the timing of patents on innovation performance," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(4), pages 914-928.
    5. repec:eee:respol:v:46:y:2017:i:10:p:1801-1809 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Supachart Iamratanakul, 2013. "The Selection of Project in Rapid Environment’s Industry Using Zero Based Budget," Diversity, Technology, and Innovation for Operational Competitiveness: Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Technology Innovation and Industrial Management, ToKnowPress.
    7. Gómez-Mejía, Luis R. & Saura, M. D., 1996. "The linkages between business strategies and compensation policies using miles and snow's framework," DEE - Working Papers. Business Economics. WB 7055, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía de la Empresa.


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