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The Value-Relevance Of R&D Expenditure: Experience From Malaysia

Author

Listed:
  • Kamarun Nisham Taufil Mohd
  • Rohaida Abdul Latif
  • Robiah Abu Bakar
  • Wan Nordin Wan Hussin
  • Ku Nor Izah Ku Ismail

Abstract

This paper examines the value relevance of R&D reporting among public listed companies in Malaysia for 2000 and 2001, subsequent to the introduction of FRS 109, Accounting for Research and Development (formerly known as MASB 4) which became effective in 1999. Beginning January 2006, FRS 138, Intangible Assets supersedes FRS 109. FRS 138 prescribes that a firm should expense its research costs and could capitalize the development cost as an intangible asset if the latter is expected to bring future benefits. Otherwise, the development expenditure is to be expensed. Test results based on Ohlson’s (1995) valuation model shows that for capitalizers, the amount of R&D expenditure, either expensed or capitalized, influences the stock prices positively. As for the expensers, even though the amount expensed influences stock prices, this relationship is driven by outliers; when we dropped the outliers, the result was no longer significant. These results indicate that R&D activities of capitalizers are expected to bring future benefits and consequently, lead to higher prices while the R&D activities of expensers are more difficult to evaluate given a small sample size and the presence of outliers.

Suggested Citation

  • Kamarun Nisham Taufil Mohd & Rohaida Abdul Latif & Robiah Abu Bakar & Wan Nordin Wan Hussin & Ku Nor Izah Ku Ismail, 2006. "The Value-Relevance Of R&D Expenditure: Experience From Malaysia," IIUM Journal of Economics and Management, IIUM Journal of Economis and Management, vol. 14(2), pages 205-226, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ije:journl:v:14:y:2006:i:2:p:205-226
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    File URL: http://www.iium.edu.my/enmjournal/142art4.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Louis K. C. Chan, 2001. "The Stock Market Valuation of Research and Development Expenditures," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 56(6), pages 2431-2456, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Research and development; Value-relevance; Capitalisation;

    JEL classification:

    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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