Conflicts between Managers and Investors over the Optimal Financial Contract
We develop a principal-agent model of financial contracting in which investors face moral hazard problems relating to managerial effort. The level of debt potentially mitigates these problems in two ways. For high debt levels, the manager owns more of the equity, and also the threat of financial distress increases. In the absence of financial distress costs, we derive a novel irrelevance result; the financial contract does not affect managerial effort or firm value. Therefore, the manager and the investors are indifferent between a high debt and low debt contract. In the presence of financial distress costs, the manager has an incentive to increase his effort level in order to reduce the threat of distress. Now investors unambiguously prefer the (value-maximising) high debt contract. When effort costs and financial distress costs are low, the manager also prefers the high debt contract. When effort costs and financial distress costs are high, the manager prefers the (value-minimising) low debt contract.
Volume (Year): 2 (2003)
Issue (Month): 3 (December)
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: http://www.ijbe.org/
More information through EDIRC
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Stein, Jeremy C, 1996.
"Rational Capital Budgeting in an Irrational World,"
The Journal of Business,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 69(4), pages 429-55, October.
- Myers, Stewart C. & Majluf, Nicholas S., 1984. "Corporate financing and investment decisions when firms have information that investors do not have," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 187-221, June.
- Aghion, Philippe & Bolton, Patrick, 1992. "An Incomplete Contracts Approach to Financial Contracting," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(3), pages 473-94, July.
- Stewart C. Myers & Nicholas S. Majluf, 1984. "Corporate Financing and Investment Decisions When Firms Have InformationThat Investors Do Not Have," NBER Working Papers 1396, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Myers, Stewart C. & Majluf, Nicolás S., 1945-, 1984. "Corporate financing and investment decisions when firms have information that investors do not have," Working papers 1523-84., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
- Jensen, Michael C, 1986. "Agency Costs of Free Cash Flow, Corporate Finance, and Takeovers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(2), pages 323-29, May.
- repec:dgr:kubcen:199883 is not listed on IDEAS
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ijb:journl:v:2:y:2003:i:3:p:197-212. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Yi-Ju Su)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.