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Rural Development Policy and Indicators of Demographic Dependency


  • Raluca Ileana ZORZOLIU

    () (Romanian Academy - National Institute of Economic Research Costin C. Kiritescu)

  • Elena GURGU

    () (SpiruHaret University, Ion Ghica, no. 13, Bucharest, 030045, Romania)


The rural economy in Romania is poorly diversified and depends to a very large extent on agriculture, dominated by subsistence and semi-subsistence farms producing mainly for own consumption and only marginally for the market. The main demographic trends of rural Romania are the declining and aging of the population due to both natural birth decrease and migration from rural to urban areas of the young population. The low educational level of the rural population is another important issue in terms of employment. Rural incomes are lower than those from the urban areas and the income gap continues to grow as a result the incidence of poverty is significantly higher in the rural area.

Suggested Citation

  • Raluca Ileana ZORZOLIU & Elena GURGU, 2015. "Rural Development Policy and Indicators of Demographic Dependency," International Conference on Economic Sciences and Business Administration, Spiru Haret University, vol. 2(1), pages 276-282, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:icb:wpaper:v:2:y:2015:i:1:276-282

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gheorghe Zaman & Valentina Vasile & Mirela Matei & Carmen Croitoru & George Enescu, 2011. "Aspecte ale impactului ISD din România asupra exporturilor si dezvoltarii durabile," Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 33(2(bis)(42), pages 130-190, December.
    2. Daniela ANTONESCU & Florina POPA, 2012. "Growth And Decline Of Urban Areas In Romania," Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 34(1(43)), pages 131-156, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Elena Gurgu & Aristide Cociuban, 2016. "New Public Diplomacy and its Effects on International Level," Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People, Alliance of Central-Eastern European Universities, vol. 5(3), pages 46-56, September.

    More about this item


    rural development; rural economy; demographic dependency; sustainable society; sustainable development.;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth


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