IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Romania’S Agri-Food And Rural Development Strategy


  • Paun Ion OTIMAN

    () (Institute of Agricultural Economics, Romanian Academy, Bucharest)


Romania’s agri-food and sustainable rural development strategy, consensual from the political point of view, should be the output of an objective scientific analysis of the agricultural and forestry potential, and adapted, endorsed and supported by all the political and technocratic forces, under the form of a vector of development, with important objectives and legal reform and restructuring procedures, as support or vehicle for their implementation. The agri-food and sustainable rural development strategy (vector of development) has the governance programs as support or implementation vehicle, which, in our opinion, should represent a coating, a coverage of the strategic vector and not a factor of permanent severance of the strategy, as things have happened in Romania with the successive governments in power after 1989. The agricultural strategy objectives were formulated starting from the functions of the rural area and economy, of the Romanian agriculture, the need of their fast development, the new partnership between Europe and the farmers, in agreement with the CAP reform for the period 2014–2020, namely: – obtaining a reliable agricultural production that should ensure the national food security and guarantee Romania’s population food safety, which, at the 2020 horizon, asks for doubling (at least) the agricultural yields (average yields, 4300–4400 kg/ha compared to 2770 kg/ha conventional cereals in the decade 2000–2010) and the crop and livestock production value and tripling the value of processed agri-food production; these levels can fully meet the domestic needs of quality food products and ensure a surplus of 5.5–6 bln. € agri-food products available for export; – ensuring the ecological equilibrium of the rural area on the long-run, in sustainable terms, through public, public-private or private investments in infrastructure, for the protection and equipment of the national territory (irrigation systems, field protection belts, anti-flood, anti-erosion protection hydro-melioration systems, afforestation of degraded and cleared land areas, etc.); – conservation and protection of useful renewable natural resources (soil, air, water, biodiversity) and sustainable use of natural agricultural resources, of soil in the first place, as main natural renewable resource of Romania, biodiversity conservation, application of policies meant to attenuate the climate change effects; – balanced territorial development of agricultural rural economy and development of agricultural and non-agricultural rural SMEs and increasing the active rural population’s employment level; – equilibrating the Romanian food (and payments) balance and growth of the Romanian agri-food exports; – diminution of less-favoured rural areas and alleviation of severe rural poverty; – optimization of the agricultural production structure and of the territorial distribution of the farming systems (intensive specialized/multifunctional/conservative; modern/traditional; ecological/ biotechnological; food production/production of non-food raw products/bio-energy production); – agro-tourism capital growth through the preservation of the landscape heritage of the rural area; – getting the national education and scientific research system compatible with the European system, ensuring its sustainable partnership with the Romanian agri-food system; – elaboration of the Law on Romania’s agriculture orientation, as legislative support necessary for carrying out the Agricultural strategy.

Suggested Citation

  • Paun Ion OTIMAN, 2013. "Romania’S Agri-Food And Rural Development Strategy," Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 10(2), pages 133-153.
  • Handle: RePEc:iag:reviea:v:10:y:2013:i:2:p:133-153

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pavel Ciaian & d’Artis Kancs & Johan Swinnen, 2010. "EU Land Markets and the Common Agricultural Policy," Journal of Economics and Econometrics, Economics and Econometrics Society, vol. 53(3), pages 1-31.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Bartolini, Fabio & Viaggi, Davide, 2011. "Factors Affecting the Impact of CAP Scenarios on Farm Structure: An Analysis Based on Stated Intentions," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114244, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Jerzy Michalek & Pavel Ciaian & d’Artis Kancs, 2014. "Capitalization of the Single Payment Scheme into Land Value: Generalized Propensity Score Evidence from the European Union," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 90(2), pages 260-289.
    3. Csaba Cs�ki & Attila J�mbor, 2013. "The impact of EU accession: lessons from the agriculture of the new member states," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(3), pages 325-342, September.
    4. Van Herck, Kristine & Vranken, Liesbet, 2011. "Direct Payments and Rent Extraction by Land Owners: Evidence from New Member States," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 115543, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Johan Swinnen & Kristine Van Herck & Liesbet Vranken, 2016. "The Diversity of Land Markets and Regulations in Europe, and (some of) its Causes," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(2), pages 186-205, February.
    6. Letort, Élodie & Temesgen, Chalachew, 2014. "Influence of environmental policies on farmland prices in the Bretagne region of France," Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies - Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement (RAEStud), Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), vol. 95(1).
    7. Pavel Ciaian & D'Artis Kancs & Johan Swinnen, 2014. "The Impact of the 2013 Reform of the Common Agricultural Policy on Land Capitalization in the European Union," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 36(4), pages 643-673.
    8. Csaki, Csaba & Jambor, Attila, 2013. "Impacts of the EU Enlargements on the New Member States Agriculture," Acta Oeconomica et Informatica, Faculty of Economics and Management, Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra (FEM SPU), vol. 16(1), pages 1-16, February.
    9. Pletichová, D. & Gebeltová, Z., 2013. "Development of Market Prices of Agricultural Land within the Conditions of the EU," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 5(3), pages 1-14, September.
    10. Matthews, Alan & Salvatici, Luca & Scoppola, Margherita, 2017. "Trade Impacts of Agricultural Support in the EU," Commissioned Papers 252767, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
    11. Garrone, Maria & Emmers, Dorien & Olper, Alessandro & Swinnen, Johan, 2019. "Jobs and agricultural policy: Impact of the common agricultural policy on EU agricultural employment," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 1-1.
    12. Van Herck, Kristine & Vranken, Liesbet, 2012. "Direct Payments and Land Rents: Evidence from New Member States," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126777, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    13. Johan Swinnen & Kristine Van Herck & Liesbet Vranken, 2014. "Land Market Regulations in Europe," LICOS Discussion Papers 35414, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
    14. Alexander März & Nadja Klein & Thomas Kneib & Oliver Musshoff, 2016. "Analysing farmland rental rates using Bayesian geoadditive quantile regression," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 43(4), pages 663-698.
    15. Pavel Ciaian & d’Artis Kancs & Johan Swinnen, 2010. "EU Land Markets and the Common Agricultural Policy," Journal of Economics and Econometrics, Economics and Econometrics Society, vol. 53(3), pages 1-31.
    16. Qineti, Artan & Rajcaniova, Miroslava & Braha, Kushtrim & Ciaian, Pavel & Demaj, Jona, 2014. "When land markets 'do not work' and status-quo agrarian structures persist: A case study from rural Albania," 2014 International Congress, August 26-29, 2014, Ljubljana, Slovenia 182976, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    17. Brady, Mark V. & Hristov, Jordan & Sahrbacher, Christoph & Willhelmsson, Fredrik, 2015. "Passive farming in Europe: hindering agricultural development or preserving valuable landscape," 147th Seminar, October 7-8, 2015, Sofia, Bulgaria 212248, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    18. Hennig, Solveigh & Breustedt, Gunnar & Latacz-Lohmann, Uwe, 2014. "Zum Einfluss mitgehandelter Zahlungsansprüche auf die Kauf- und Pachtpreise von Ackerland in Schleswig-Holstein," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 63(4).
    19. Pavel Ciaian & d'Artis Kancs & Maria Espinosa, 2018. "The Impact of the 2013 CAP Reform on the Decoupled Payments’ Capitalisation into Land Values," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 69(2), pages 306-337, June.
    20. Johan F.M. Swinnen, 2008. "The Political Economy of the 2003 Reform of the Common Agricultural Policy," LICOS Discussion Papers 21508, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.

    More about this item


    strategy; sustainable rural development; governance programs; objectives; food security and safety;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:iag:reviea:v:10:y:2013:i:2:p:133-153. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Corina Saman). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.