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Impact of Tax Evasion on Total Tax in Pakistan

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  • Syed Hassan Raza
  • Syed Muddassir Abbas Naqvi

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to check the effect of tax evasion on tax in Pakistan for the period of 1980-2014. Total Tax is taken as dependent variable and Export, Tax evasion and GDP are taken as independent variables in this study. Data was taken from World development Indicators (WDI), Handbook of Statistics and International Financial Statistics (IFS). ADF test was used to check the integrated order of the variables. Johansen Co-integration and error correction models were used to find out the long run and short run relationship among the variables. The empirical results showed that there is a statistically significant long-run negative relationship between total tax and tax evasion (illegal money) in Pakistan.

Suggested Citation

  • Syed Hassan Raza & Syed Muddassir Abbas Naqvi, 2016. "Impact of Tax Evasion on Total Tax in Pakistan," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 6(11), pages 730-739, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:hur:ijarbs:v:6:y:2016:i:11:p:730-739
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach," NBER Chapters,in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 1-54 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Jordi Caball?Author-Email: Jordi.Caballe@uab.es & Judith Panad?, 2001. "On the Relation between Tax Rates and Evasion in a Multi-period Economy," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 500.01, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
    3. Raymond Fisman & Shang-Jin Wei, 2004. "Tax Rates and Tax Evasion: Evidence from "Missing Imports" in China," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(2), pages 471-500, April.
    4. Bruno Chiarini & Elisabetta Marzano & Friedrich Schneider, 2013. "Tax rates and tax evasion: an empirical analysis of the long-run aspects in Italy," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 35(2), pages 273-293, April.
    5. Crane, Steven E. & Nourzad, Farrokh, 1990. "Tax Rates and Tax Evasion: Evidence From California Amnesty Data," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 43(2), pages 189-199, June.
    6. Crane, Steven E. & Nourzad, Farrokh, 1990. "Tax Rates and Tax Evasion: Evidence from California Amnesty Data," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 43(2), pages 189-99, June.
    7. Judith Panadés, 2004. "Tax Evasion and Relative Tax Contribution," Public Finance Review, , vol. 32(2), pages 183-195, March.
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    Keywords

    Total Tax; Tax Evasion; ECM; Co integration; Pakistan;

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