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Causal Relationship between Liquidity and Profitability of Nigerian Deposit Money Banks

Author

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  • Odunayo M. Olarewaju
  • Oluwafeyisayo K. Adeyemi

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to examine the existence and direction of causality between liquidity and profitability of deposit money banks in Nigeria. Fifteen quoted banks out of the existing nineteen banks were selected for the study. They are; Guarantee Trust bank, Zenith bank, Skye bank, Wema bank, Sterling bank, First City Monument bank, United Bank for Africa, Eco bank, First bank, Access bank, Diamond bank, Unity bank, Fidelity bank, Union bank and IBTC bank. Pairwise Granga Causality test was carried out to determine the presence and direction of causality between banks’ liquidity and profitability. From the finding of this study, at 5% and 10% level of significance, it was revealed that the F-statistics corresponding to the null hypotheses of no causal relationship (both unidirectional and bidirectional) between LODEP (a proxy for liquidity) and ROE (profitability measure) for banks like Guaranty trust bank, Zenith bank, Sterling bank, Diamond bank, IBTC, Unity bank, UBA, Fidelity bank, Wema bank, Union bank, and Eco bank, are too low and as such there is no enough evidence for the rejection of the corresponding null hypotheses. Thus, the result revealed that there is no causal relationship (be it unidirectional or bidirectional) between liquidity and probability of Guaranty trust bank, Zenith bank, Sterling bank, Diamond bank, IBTC, Unity bank, UBA, Fidelity bank, Wema bank, Union bank, and Eco bank. The result also shows that there is a trace of unidirectional causality relationship running from liquidity to profitability for banks like Skye bank, First bank, Access bank and FCMB. Based on the findings and conclusions, the study recommend that the apex bank (Central Bank of Nigeria) should ensure close supervision and monitoring of deposit money banks’ strength and level of liquidity in an attempt to stabilize and strengthen the financial sector of the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Odunayo M. Olarewaju & Oluwafeyisayo K. Adeyemi, 2015. "Causal Relationship between Liquidity and Profitability of Nigerian Deposit Money Banks," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 5(2), pages 165-171, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:hur:ijaraf:v:5:y:2015:i:2:p:165-171
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sardar Shaker Ibrahim, 2017. "The Impacts of Liquidity on Profitability in Banking Sectors of Iraq: A Case of Iraqi Commercial Banks," International Journal of Finance & Banking Studies, Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 6(1), pages 113-121, January.
    2. NenuBari Ikue-John & Emeka Nkoro, 2019. "Dynamics of Capital Adequacy and Profitability of Internationalized Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria," Bussecon Review of Finance & Banking (2687-2501), Bussecon International, vol. 1(1), pages 18-25, July.
    3. Reza Gholami Jamkarani & Mosa Mohammadi & Ali Laalbar & Abbas Rezazadeh Karsalari, 2016. "Short-Run and Long-Run Effects of Monetary Policy on GDP in Iran," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 6(3), pages 89-95, July.
    4. Shireen Mahmoud Alali, 2019. "The Impact of Bank Liquidity on the Profitability of Commercial Banks: An Applied Study on Jordanian Commercial Banks for the Period (2013/2017)," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 9(5), pages 24-28.
    5. Kaodui Li & Mohammed Musah & Yusheng Kong & Isaac Adjei Mensah & Stephen Kwadwo Antwi & Jonas Bawuah & Mary Donkor & Cephas Paa Kwasi Coffie & Agyemang Andrew Osei, 2020. "Liquidity and Firms’ Financial Performance Nexus: Panel Evidence From Non-Financial Firms Listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange," SAGE Open, , vol. 10(3), pages 21582440209, August.
    6. Fakir Tajul Islam & Md. Shahnawaz Mostofa & Afrida Akhter Tithi, 2017. "Macroeconomic and Institutional Determinants of Capital Market Performance in Bangladesh: A Case of Dhaka Stock Exchange," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 7(1), pages 306-311, January.

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