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The Impact of Liquidity on Bank Profitability

Author

Listed:
  • Étienne Bordeleau
  • Christopher Graham

Abstract

The recent crisis has underlined the importance of sound bank liquidity management. In response, regulators are devising new liquidity standards with the aim of making the financial system more stable and resilient. In this paper, the authors analyse the impact of liquid asset holdings on bank profitability for a sample of large U.S. and Canadian banks. Results suggest that profitability is improved for banks that hold some liquid assets, however, there is a point at which holding further liquid assets diminishes a banks’ profitability, all else equal. Moreover, empirical evidence also suggests that this relationship varies depending on a bank’s business model and the state of the economy. These results are particularly relevant as policymakers devise new standards establishing an appropriate level of liquidity for banks. While it is generally agreed upon that banks undervalued liquidity prior to the recent financial crisis, one must also consider the tradeoff between resilience to liquidity shocks and the cost of holding lower-yielding liquid assets as the latter may impact banks’ ability to generate revenues, increase capital and extend credit.

Suggested Citation

  • Étienne Bordeleau & Christopher Graham, 2010. "The Impact of Liquidity on Bank Profitability," Staff Working Papers 10-38, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:10-38
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Tabak, Benjamin M. & Fazio, Dimas M. & Cajueiro, Daniel O., 2012. "The relationship between banking market competition and risk-taking: Do size and capitalization matter?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 3366-3381.
    2. Tran, Vuong Thao & Lin, Chien-Ting & Nguyen, Hoa, 2016. "Liquidity creation, regulatory capital, and bank profitability," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 98-109.
    3. repec:ibn:ibrjnl:v:11:y:2018:i:2:p:222-230 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:hur:ijarbs:v:7:y:2017:i:12:p:127-138 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Brooke Alexandra Maeda, 2015. "Flight to Liquidity on the Tokyo Stock Exchange during the 2008 Share Market Crashes," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(3), pages 790-801.
    6. Mohamad, Wahidah, 2017. "The Role Of Corporate Governance And Its Impact On Risk And Firm Performance Of Real Estate Industry: Amanahraya Reit," MPRA Paper 78594, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Ghosh, Saibal, 2016. "Political transition and bank performance: How important was the Arab Spring?," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 372-382.
    8. repec:hur:ijaraf:v:5:y:2015:i:1:p:35-40 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Mohamad, Wahidah, 2017. "The Role Of Corporate Governance And Its Impact On Risk And Firm Performance Of Real Estate Industry: Amanahraya Reit," MPRA Paper 78824, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Dietrich, Andreas & Hess, Kurt & Wanzenried, Gabrielle, 2014. "The good and bad news about the new liquidity rules of Basel III in Western European countries," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 13-25.
    11. Ahmad Dahiyat, 2016. "Does Liquidity and Solvency Affect Banks Profitability? Evidence from Listed Banks in Jordan," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 6(1), pages 35-40, January.
    12. Rahmat Addillah & Muhamad Nadratuzzaman Hosen & Syafaat Muhari, 2016. "The Determinants Factor Of Islamic Bank’s Profitability And Liquidity In Indonesia," Knowledge Horizons - Economics, Faculty of Finance, Banking and Accountancy Bucharest,"Dimitrie Cantemir" Christian University Bucharest, vol. 8(2), pages 140-147, June.
    13. Mattana, Elena & Panetti, Ettore, 2014. "Bank liquidity, stock market participation, and economic growth," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 292-306.
    14. Mehmed Ganić & BETÜL Ismić & Ognjen Riđić, 2015. "What drives the profitability of the banking sector? An Empirical evidence from Bosnia &Herzegovina," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 18(55), pages 39-56, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial system regulation and policies; Financial institutions; Financial stability;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation

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