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Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Ghana

Author

Listed:
  • Samuel Antwi

    () (Jiangsu University)

  • Ebenezer Fiifi Emire Atta Mills

    () (Jiangsu University)

  • Gifty Atta Mills

    () (Jiangsu University)

  • Xicang Zhao

    () (Jiangsu University)

Abstract

Foreign direct investment (FDI) has been a vital source of economic growth for Ghana, bringing in capital investment, technology and management knowledge needed for economic growth. This paper aims to study the relationship between FDI and economic growth in Ghana for the period 1980-2010 using time series data. The GDP, GDP growth rate, GNI, Manufacturing Value Added, External Debt Stock, Inflation, Trade, Industry Value added and Foreign Direct Investment net inflows as percent of GDP (FDI ratio). We used the simple ordinary least square (OLS) regressions and the empirical analysis is conducted by using annual data on FDI and other variables over the periods 1980 to 2010. We used annual data from IMF, International Financial Statistics tables, published by International Monetary Fund. The goal of this study is to determine the extent to which these variables are related. From this, we can conclude that the independent variables GDP, GDPg, GNI, MVA, GDPc and TRA are all significant to explain FDI since their corresponding p-values of the t-statistic are less than 5 percent and thus have an influence of FDI in Ghana. These findings embrace practical implications for policy makers, government and investors.

Suggested Citation

  • Samuel Antwi & Ebenezer Fiifi Emire Atta Mills & Gifty Atta Mills & Xicang Zhao, 2013. "Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Ghana," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 3(1), pages 18-25, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:hur:ijaraf:v:3:y:2013:i:1:p:18-25
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jong Il Choe, 2003. "Do Foreign Direct Investment and Gross Domestic Investment Promote Economic Growth?," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 7(1), pages 44-57, February.
    2. Bengoa, Marta & Sanchez-Robles, Blanca, 2003. "Foreign direct investment, economic freedom and growth: new evidence from Latin America," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 529-545, September.
    3. de Mello, Luiz R, Jr, 1999. "Foreign Direct Investment-Led Growth: Evidence from Time Series and Panel Data," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(1), pages 133-151, January.
    4. Chowdhury, Abdur R. & Mavrotas, George, 2005. "FDI and Growth: A Causal Relationship," WIDER Working Paper Series 025, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. Frimpong, Joseph Magnus & Oteng-Abayie, Eric Fosu, 2006. "Bivariate causality analysis between FDI inflows and economic growth in Ghana," MPRA Paper 351, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 09 Oct 2006.
    6. KH Zhang, 2001. "Does Foreign Direct Investment Promote Economic Growth? Evidence From East Asia And Latin America," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 19(2), pages 175-185, April.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Owolabi-Merus, Olasunkanmi, 2015. "How important is Foreign Direct Investment to Economic Growth? New Evidence from Nigeria," MPRA Paper 65796, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Abdul-Aziz Iddrisu & Baba Adam & Babamu Osman Halidu, 2015. "The Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on the Productivity of the Industrial Sector in Ghana," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 5(3), pages 1-13, July.
    3. Bondzie, Eric Amoo & Fosu, Gabriel Obed & Asare Okyere, Gabriel, 2014. "Does Foreign Direct Investment really affect Ghana’s Economic Growth?," MPRA Paper 69237, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    FDI; GDP; Inflation; Economic growth; Ghana;

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