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Socio-economic inequalities in health in Catalonia

  • Pilar García Gómez

    (Universitat Pompeu Fabra)

  • Ángel López Nicolás

    (Universidad Pompeu Fabra, CRES y Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena)

In this paper we measure the degree of socio economic inequality in both mental health and general health for the Catalan population. We find that income is the main contributor to inequality, especially in the case of mental health. The regional variations in both health measures are striking, with the Barcelona districts faring relatively bad and Lleida being the region where the population reports the greatest level of health all else held equal. A big share of inequality in the two health measures is due to the favourable position in both health and income of those who enjoy an indefinite contract. We also find that risky working conditions affect both health measures and explain an important share of socio-economic inequality.

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Article provided by IEF in its journal Hacienda Pública Española/Revista de Economía Pública.

Volume (Year): 175 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 (december)
Pages: 103-121

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Handle: RePEc:hpe:journl:y:2005:v:175:i:4:p:103-121
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  1. Andrew M. Jones & Ángel López, 2003. "Measurement and explanation of socioeconomic inequality in health with longitudinal data," Working Papers, Research Center on Health and Economics 711, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  2. García Gómez Pilar & López Nicolás Ángel, 2007. "Regional Differences in Socioeconomic Health Inequalities in Spain," Working Papers 201072, Fundacion BBVA / BBVA Foundation.
  3. Wagstaff, Adam & van Doorslaer, Eddy & Watanabe, Naoko, 2003. "On decomposing the causes of health sector inequalities with an application to malnutrition inequalities in Vietnam," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 112(1), pages 207-223, January.
  4. Wagstaff, Adam & van Doorslaer, Eddy & Paci, Pierella, 1989. "Equity in the Finance and Delivery of Health Care: Some Tentative Cross-country Comparisons," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(1), pages 89-112, Spring.
  5. Doorslaer, Eddy van & Jones, Andrew M., 2003. "Inequalities in self-reported health: validation of a new approach to measurement," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 61-87, January.
  6. Michael Greenacre, 2008. "Correspondence analysis of raw data," Economics Working Papers 1112, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Jul 2009.
  7. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-55, March-Apr.
  8. Eddy van Doorslaer & Xander Koolman, 2004. "Explaining the differences in income-related health inequalities across European countries," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(7), pages 609-628.
  9. Wildman, John, 2003. "Income related inequalities in mental health in Great Britain: analysing the causes of health inequality over time," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 295-312, March.
  10. Hugh Gravelle, 2003. "Measuring income related inequality in health: standardisation and the partial concentration index," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(10), pages 803-819.
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