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General Resilience to Cope with Extreme Events

Author

Listed:
  • Stephen R. Carpenter

    () (Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA)

  • Kenneth J. Arrow

    () (Department of Economics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA)

  • Scott Barrett

    () (School of International and Public Affairs/The Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA)

  • Reinette Biggs

    () (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden)

  • William A. Brock

    () (Department of Economics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA)

  • Anne-Sophie Crépin

    () (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
    The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Box 50005, 10405 Stockholm, Sweden)

  • Gustav Engström

    () (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
    The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Box 50005, 10405 Stockholm, Sweden)

  • Carl Folke

    () (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
    The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Box 50005, 10405 Stockholm, Sweden)

  • Terry P. Hughes

    () (Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia)

  • Nils Kautsky

    () (Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden)

  • Chuan-Zhong Li

    () (Department of Economics, Uppsala University, Box 513, 751-20 Uppsala, Sweden)

  • Geoffrey McCarney

    () (School of International and Public Affairs/The Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA)

  • Kyle Meng

    () (School of International and Public Affairs/The Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA)

  • Karl-Göran Mäler

    () (The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Box 50005, 10405 Stockholm, Sweden)

  • Stephen Polasky

    () (Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, 1994 Buford Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA)

  • Marten Scheffer

    () (Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University, PO Box 8080, 6700 DD, Wageningen, The Netherlands)

  • Jason Shogren

    () (Department of Economics and Finance, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA)

  • Thomas Sterner

    () (Environmental Defense Fund, New York, NY 10010, USA)

  • Jeffrey R. Vincent

    () (Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708, USA)

  • Brian Walker

    () (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
    Sustainable Ecosystems, GPO Box 284, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia)

  • Anastasios Xepapadeas

    () (Athens University of Economics and Business, 76 Patission Street, 104 34 Athens, Greece)

  • Aart de Zeeuw

    () (The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Box 50005, 10405 Stockholm, Sweden
    Department of Economics and Center, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands)

Abstract

Resilience to specified kinds of disasters is an active area of research and practice. However, rare or unprecedented disturbances that are unusually intense or extensive require a more broad-spectrum type of resilience. General resilience is the capacity of social-ecological systems to adapt or transform in response to unfamiliar, unexpected and extreme shocks. Conditions that enable general resilience include diversity, modularity, openness, reserves, feedbacks, nestedness, monitoring, leadership, and trust. Processes for building general resilience are an emerging and crucially important area of research.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephen R. Carpenter & Kenneth J. Arrow & Scott Barrett & Reinette Biggs & William A. Brock & Anne-Sophie Crépin & Gustav Engström & Carl Folke & Terry P. Hughes & Nils Kautsky & Chuan-Zhong Li & Geof, 2012. "General Resilience to Cope with Extreme Events," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(12), pages 1-12, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:12:p:3248-3259:d:21829
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Daniel Kahneman, 2003. "Maps of Bounded Rationality: Psychology for Behavioral Economics," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(5), pages 1449-1475, December.
    2. Jason F. Shogren & Laura O. Taylor, 2008. "On Behavioral-Environmental Economics," Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 2(1), pages 26-44, Winter.
    3. Tomkins, Cyril, 2001. "Interdependencies, trust and information in relationships, alliances and networks," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 161-191, March.
    4. Sunstein,Cass R., 2004. "Risk and Reason," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521016254, March.
    5. Krister Andersson & Elinor Ostrom, 2008. "Analyzing decentralized resource regimes from a polycentric perspective," Policy Sciences, Springer;Society of Policy Sciences, vol. 41(1), pages 71-93, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Margot Hill Clarvis & Erin Bohensky & Masaru Yarime, 2015. "Can Resilience Thinking Inform Resilience Investments? Learning from Resilience Principles for Disaster Risk Reduction," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(7), pages 1-19, July.
    2. Ali Kharrazi & Brian D. Fath & Harald Katzmair, 2016. "Advancing Empirical Approaches to the Concept of Resilience: A Critical Examination of Panarchy, Ecological Information, and Statistical Evidence," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-17, September.
    3. Marta Suárez & Erik Gómez-Baggethun & Javier Benayas & Daniella Tilbury, 2016. "Towards an Urban Resilience Index: A Case Study in 50 Spanish Cities," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-19, August.
    4. Heather McMillen & Lindsay K. Campbell & Erika S. Svendsen & Renae Reynolds, 2016. "Recognizing Stewardship Practices as Indicators of Social Resilience: In Living Memorials and in a Community Garden," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-26, August.
    5. Slavko Arsovski & Goran Putnik & Zora Arsovski & Danijela Tadic & Aleksandar Aleksic & Aleksandar Djordjevic & Slavisa Moljevic, 2015. "Modelling and Enhancement of Organizational Resilience Potential in Process Industry SMEs," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(12), pages 1-15, December.
    6. Yuan, Jiahai & Sun, Shenghui & Zhang, Wenhua & Xiong, Minpeng, 2014. "The economy of distributed PV in China," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 939-949.
    7. repec:spr:nathaz:v:90:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11069-017-3071-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:gam:jsusta:v:7:y:2015:i:12:p:16483-16497:d:60574 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    extreme events; general resilience; polycentric governance; resilience; social-ecological system;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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