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Fly-in/Fly-out: Implications for Community Sustainability


  • Keith Storey

    () (Department of Geography, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Newfoundland, A1B 3X9, Canada)


“Fly-in/fly-out” is a form of work organization that has become the standard model for new mining, petroleum and other types of resource development in remote areas. In many places this “no town” model has replaced that of the “new town.” The work system has both beneficial and adverse implications for the sustainability of both existing communities near new resource developments and for the more distant communities from which workers are drawn. This paper explores these outcomes drawing upon examples from North America and Australia.

Suggested Citation

  • Keith Storey, 2010. "Fly-in/Fly-out: Implications for Community Sustainability," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(5), pages 1-21, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:2:y:2010:i:5:p:1161-1181:d:8152

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ugo Bardi & Alessandro Lavacchi, 2009. "A Simple Interpretation of Hubbert’s Model of Resource Exploitation," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(3), pages 1-16, August.
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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:10:p:1705-:d:112998 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Haslam McKenzie, Fiona M. & Hoath, Aileen, 2014. "The socio-economic impact of mine industry commuting labour force on source communities," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 45-52.
    3. Kirsten Hund & Carole Megevand & Edilene Pereira Gomes & Marta Miranda & Erik Reed, 2013. "Deforestation Trends in the Congo Basin : Mining
      [Dynamiques de déforestation dans le bassin du Congo : Réconcilier la croissance économique et la protection de la forêt - Document de travail n ° 4
      ," World Bank Other Operational Studies 16617, The World Bank.
    4. Tano, Sofia & Pettersson, Örjan & Stjernström, Olof, 2016. "Labour income effects of the recent “mining boom” in northern Sweden," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 31-40.
    5. Measham, Thomas & Fleming, David & Schandl, Heinz, 2015. "A Conceptual Model of the Socioeconomic Impacts of Unconventional Fossil Fuel Extraction," MPRA Paper 68523, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 24 Nov 2015.
    6. Philip Maxwell, 2015. "The economic decline of large remote mining towns: does the Broken Hill experience offer lessons for Kalgoorlie Boulder?," Mineral Economics, Springer;Raw Materials Group (RMG);Luleå University of Technology, vol. 28(3), pages 83-101, November.
    7. repec:spr:minecn:v:30:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s13563-016-0092-5 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    fly-in/fly-out; community sustainability; commute work;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products


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