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Carbon Efficient Building Solutions

Author

Listed:
  • Miimu Airaksinen

    () (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT, Finland)

  • Pellervo Matilainen

    () (Skanska M&E Finland Oy, P.O. Box 114, FI-00101 Helsinki, Finland)

Abstract

Traditionally, the Finnish legislation have focused on energy use and especially on energy used for heating space in buildings. However, in many cases this does not lead to the optimal concept in respect to minimizing green house gases. This paper studies how CO 2 emission levels are affected by different measures to reduce energy use in buildings. This paper presents two real apartment buildings with different options of energy efficiency and power sources. The calculations clearly show that in the future electricity and domestic hot water use will have high importance in respect to energy efficiency, and therefore also CO 2 equivalent (eq) emissions. The importance increases when the energy efficiency of the building increases. There are big differences between average Finnish production and individual power plants; CO 2 eq emissions might nearly double depending on the energy source and the power plant type. Both a building with an efficient district heating as a power source, and a building with ground heat in addition to nuclear power electricity as a complimentary electricity source performed very similarly to each other in respect to CO 2 eq emissions. However, it is dangerous to conclude that it is not important which energy source is chosen. If hypothetically, the use of district heating would dramatically drop, the primary energy factor and CO 2 eq emissions from electricity would rise, which in turn would lead to the increase of the ground heat systems emissions. A problem in the yearly calculations is that the fact that it is very important, sometimes even crucial, when energy is needed, is always excluded.

Suggested Citation

  • Miimu Airaksinen & Pellervo Matilainen, 2010. "Carbon Efficient Building Solutions," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(3), pages 1-15, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:2:y:2010:i:3:p:844-858:d:7574
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Soliño, Mario & Vázquez, María X. & Prada, Albino, 2009. "Social demand for electricity from forest biomass in Spain: Does payment periodicity affect the willingness to pay?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 531-540, February.
    2. del Río, Pablo & Burguillo, Mercedes, 2009. "An empirical analysis of the impact of renewable energy deployment on local sustainability," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(6-7), pages 1314-1325, August.
    3. del Río, Pablo & Burguillo, Mercedes, 2008. "Assessing the impact of renewable energy deployment on local sustainability: Towards a theoretical framework," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 1325-1344, June.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hyoung Jae Jang & Tae Hyoung Kim & Chang U Chae, 2016. "CO 2 Emissions and Cost by Floor Types of Public Apartment Houses in South Korea," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(5), pages 1-18, May.
    2. Tae Hyoung Kim & Chang U Chae & Gil Hwan Kim & Hyoung Jae Jang, 2016. "Analysis of CO 2 Emission Characteristics of Concrete Used at Construction Sites," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(4), pages 1-14, April.
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:5:p:445:d:69496 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:4:p:348:d:67800 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    energy efficiency; primary energy; building concepts;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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