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Sustainability: Living within One’s Own Ecological Means

Author

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  • Lee Liu

    () (Department of Geography and Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Central Missouri, Wood 8, Warrensburg, MO 64093, USA)

Abstract

This paper provides a critical review of sustainability, including its definitions, dimensions, measurements, and practices, as well as approaches to achieve sustainability. It raises questions about conventional definitions and argues for taking into account the geographic dimension of sustainability for better understanding of the regional differences in sustainability and transition to sustainability. The paper proposes that sustainability should be defined as "living within one’s own ecological means." This definition pays attention to regional disparities in biocapacity and ecological footprint. It realizes that not all people’s present and future needs may be met in all regions of the world.

Suggested Citation

  • Lee Liu, 2009. "Sustainability: Living within One’s Own Ecological Means," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 1(4), pages 1-19, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:1:y:2009:i:4:p:1412-1430:d:6577
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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:4:p:395:d:68770 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    sustainability definition; sustainability transition; sustainability science; ecological footprint; Environmental Kuznets Curve; geography; weak sustainability; strong sustainability;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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