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Assessing the Greenness of Enterprise Resource Planning Systems through Green IT Solutions: A Romanian Perspective

Author

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  • Minodora Ursacescu

    () (Faculty of Management, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, 6 Romana Square, Bucharest 010374, Romania)

  • Dan Popescu

    () (Faculty of Management, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, 6 Romana Square, Bucharest 010374, Romania)

  • Cristina State

    () (Faculty of Management, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, 6 Romana Square, Bucharest 010374, Romania)

  • Ion Smeureanu

    () (Faculty of Management, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, 6 Romana Square, Bucharest 010374, Romania)

Abstract

Businesses and technology play an important role in the global economy, where the achievement of sustainability goals has a positive impact on society and companies. In this regard, there is a need to integrate information technology and sustainability to enable companies to act in a greener manner. Knowing that the Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system is one of the most powerful business solutions for companies, it is crucial to align its use with sustainability elements through the use of green information technology (IT). We explored the relationship between ERP systems and green IT practices to assess how green IT provides an opportunity for organizations to improve ERP systems in more environmentally responsible initiatives. For that purpose, we empirically analyzed four Romanian economic sectors based on an online survey that contained criteria to explore organizational awareness about developing green ERP systems. The findings indicate that companies are generally focused on the key benefits of ERP systems related to operational aspects and less on the sustainability benefits. Based on these results, the main conclusion highlights the strong need to embed IT in business sustainability initiatives by adopting green IT solutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Minodora Ursacescu & Dan Popescu & Cristina State & Ion Smeureanu, 2019. "Assessing the Greenness of Enterprise Resource Planning Systems through Green IT Solutions: A Romanian Perspective," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(16), pages 1-32, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:16:p:4472-:d:258731
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    sustainability; ERP system; green IT; green ERP system; virtualization; asset lifecycle;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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