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Job Loss in a Group of Older Canadian Workers: Challenges in the Sustainable Labour Market Reintegration Process

Author

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  • Geneviève Fournier

    () (Département des Fondements et Pratiques en Éducation, Centre de Recherche sur l’Intervention Et la Vie Au Travail (CRIEVAT), Faculté des Sciences de l’Éducation, Laval University, Québec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada)

  • Hélène Zimmermann

    () (Département des Fondements et Pratiques en Éducation, Centre de Recherche sur l’Intervention Et la Vie Au Travail (CRIEVAT), Faculté des Sciences de l’Éducation, Laval University, Québec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada)

  • Jonas Masdonati

    () (Institute of Psychology, Research Center in Vocational Psychology and Career Counseling (CePCO), University of Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland)

  • Christine Gauthier

    () (Département des Fondements et Pratiques en Éducation, Centre de Recherche sur l’Intervention Et la Vie Au Travail (CRIEVAT), Faculté des Sciences de l’Éducation, Laval University, Québec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada)

Abstract

In Western countries, the loss of jobs among older workers is a highly worrisome situation, since it can be synonymous with long-term employment precariousness and definitive exclusion from the labour market. This precariousness is occurring while the labour force in these countries is aging, and governments are looking to extend people’s working lives. It is therefore particularly relevant to study different labour market reintegration processes and to understand their sustainability from a psychological perspective. The present article is examining these processes using a longitudinal study over an 18-month period with 61 older Canadian workers. Time 1 and Final Time were documented with semi-structured individual interviews. These data allowed us to qualitatively construct three reintegration processes (blocked, downgrading, and sustainable) that describe a large spectrum of workers’ experiences regarding occupational repositioning. Quantitative analyses likewise suggest moderate statistical links between the reintegration process and changes in subjective variables associated with the relationship to work and identity representations. Altogether, the results underline the importance of returning to the labour market in qualified, decent, sustainable work that allows people to have a decent and meaningful personal life. The results also suggest, in keeping with the psychology of sustainability, that interventions should promote occupational and personal enrichment, both at the individual and organizational levels.

Suggested Citation

  • Geneviève Fournier & Hélène Zimmermann & Jonas Masdonati & Christine Gauthier, 2018. "Job Loss in a Group of Older Canadian Workers: Challenges in the Sustainable Labour Market Reintegration Process," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(7), pages 1-23, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:7:p:2245-:d:155282
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Italo A. Gutierrez & Pierre-Carl Michaud, 2017. "Whistle While You Work: Job Insecurity and Older Workers' Mental Health in the United States," Cahiers de recherche 1702, Chaire de recherche Industrielle Alliance sur les enjeux économiques des changements démographiques.
    2. Brendan Burchell & Kirsten Sehnbruch & Agnieszka Piasna & Nurjk Agloni, 2014. "The quality of employment and decent work: definitions, methodologies, and ongoing debates," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 38(2), pages 459-477.
    3. repec:aph:ajpbhl:10.2105/ajph.2014.302455_2 is not listed on IDEAS
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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:10:p:3411-:d:171911 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:10:p:3623-:d:174744 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    psychology of sustainability and sustainable development; sustainable career; decent work; positive career outcomes; unemployment; older workers; labour market reintegration; relationship to work; identity representations;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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