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Child Welfare and Successful Reunification through the Socio-Educative Process: Training Needs among Biological Families in Spain

Author

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  • M. Angeles Balsells

    () (Department of Pedagogy and Psychology, School of Educational Sciences, University of Lleida, 25001 Lleida, Spain)

  • Crescencia Pastor

    () (Department of Educational Methods and Diagnostics, School of Education, University of Barcelona, 08035 Barcelona, Spain)

  • Pere Amorós

    () (Department of Educational Methods and Diagnostics, School of Education, University of Barcelona, 08035 Barcelona, Spain)

  • Ainoa Mateos

    () (Department of Educational Methods and Diagnostics, School of Education, University of Barcelona, 08035 Barcelona, Spain)

  • Carmen Ponce

    () (Department of Pedagogy, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Rovira i Virgili University, 43003 Tarragona, Spain)

  • Alicia Navajas

    () (Department of Pedagogy and Psychology, School of Educational Sciences, University of Lleida, 25001 Lleida, Spain)

Abstract

In Spain, an average of 480 children per 100,000 is receiving some type of temporary care, and the reunification process is typically lengthy. Providing the biological family with specific training as part of the reunification process is key to solving this problem. Although previous research and social policy have emphasized the importance of such training to reunification, the training has not been fully implemented in Spain. This study investigates the specific training needs during the transition phase of the reunification process in which the child prepares to return home. The data were obtained from focus groups and through semi-structured interviews with 135 participants: 63 professionals from the Child Protection System and 42 parents and 30 children who have undergone or are currently undergoing reunification. A qualitative methodology and Atlas.ti software were used to analyze the interview content. The results indicate three specific training needs: (a) understanding the reasons for reunification and the reunification phases; (b) empowerment strategies; and (c) social support. These findings suggest the best practices for formulating specific support programs for this population during the reunification transition period.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Angeles Balsells & Crescencia Pastor & Pere Amorós & Ainoa Mateos & Carmen Ponce & Alicia Navajas, 2014. "Child Welfare and Successful Reunification through the Socio-Educative Process: Training Needs among Biological Families in Spain," Social Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(4), pages 1-18, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jscscx:v:3:y:2014:i:4:p:809-826:d:41500
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Osterling, Kathy Lemon & Han, Meekyung, 2011. "Reunification outcomes among Mexican immigrant families in the child welfare system," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(9), pages 1658-1666, September.
    2. Maluccio, John A., 2000. "Attrition in the Kwazulu Natal income dynamics study, 1993-1998," FCND briefs 95, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Rodrigo, Maria Jose & Martin, Juan Carlos & Maiquez, Maria Luisa & Rodriguez, Guacimara, 2007. "Informal and formal supports and maternal child-rearing practices in at-risk and non at-risk psychosocial contexts," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 329-347, March.
    4. Maluccio, Anthony N. & Ainsworth, Frank, 2003. "Drug Use by Parents: A Challenge for Family Reunification Practice," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(7), pages 511-533, July.
    5. del Valle, Jorge F. & López, Mónica & Montserrat, Carme & Bravo, Amaia, 2009. "Twenty years of foster care in Spain: Profiles, patterns and outcomes," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(8), pages 847-853, August.
    6. Barth, Richard P. & Weigensberg, Elizabeth C. & Fisher, Philip A. & Fetrow, Becky & Green, Rebecca L., 2008. "Reentry of elementary aged children following reunification from foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 353-364, April.
    7. Kortenkamp, Katherine & Geen, Rob & Stagner, Matthew, 2004. "The role of welfare and work in predicting foster care reunification rates for children of welfare recipients," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 577-590, June.
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    1. repec:eee:cysrev:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:418-425 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    reunification; biological family training; educational needs; child welfare system; child protection;

    JEL classification:

    • A - General Economics and Teaching
    • B - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology
    • N - Economic History
    • P - Economic Systems
    • Y80 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Related Disciplines - - - Related Disciplines
    • Z00 - Other Special Topics - - General - - - General

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