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One-Size-Fits-All Policies Are Unacceptable: A Sustainable Management and Decision-Making Model for Schools in the Post-COVID-19 Era


  • Cunwei Yang

    (Department of Computer Science and Technology, Southwest University, Chongqing 402460, China)

  • Weiqing Wang

    (Department of Management Science and Engineering, Southwest University, Chongqing 402460, China)

  • Fengying Li

    (Department of Environmental Science, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China)

  • Degang Yang

    (State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
    The Graduate School, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)


This paper proposes a sustainable management and decision-making model for COVID-19 control in schools, which makes improvements to current policies and strategies. It is not a case study of any specific school or country. The term one-size-fits-all has two meanings: being blind to the pandemic, and conducting inflexible and harsh policies. The former strategy leads to more casualties and does potential harm to children. Conversely, under long-lasting strict policies, people feel exhausted. Therefore, some administrators pretend that they are working hard for COVID-19 control, and people pretend to follow pandemic control rules. The proposed model helps to alleviate these problems and improve management efficiency. A customized queue model is introduced to control social gatherings. An indoor–outdoor tracking system is established. Based on tracing data, we can assess people’s infection risk, and allocate medical resources more effectively in case of emergency. We consider both social and technical feasibility. Test results demonstrate the improvements and effectiveness of the model. In conclusion, the model has patched up certain one-size-fits-all strategies to balance pandemic control and normal life.

Suggested Citation

  • Cunwei Yang & Weiqing Wang & Fengying Li & Degang Yang, 2022. "One-Size-Fits-All Policies Are Unacceptable: A Sustainable Management and Decision-Making Model for Schools in the Post-COVID-19 Era," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(10), pages 1-21, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jijerp:v:19:y:2022:i:10:p:5913-:d:814546

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