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Determination of Maximum Wind Power Penetration in an Isolated Island System by Considering Spinning Reserve

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  • Chia-An Chang

    () (Department of Electrical Engineering, Tatung University, Section 3, Zhongshan North Road, Zhongshan District, Taipei 10452, Taiwan
    Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Atomic Energy Council, Wenhua Road, Longtan District, Taoyuan 32546, Taiwan)

  • Yuan-Kang Wu

    () (Department of Electrical Engineering, National Chung Cheng University, Section 1, Minxiong Township, University Road, Chia-yi 62102, Taiwan)

  • Bin-Kwie Chen

    () (Department of Electrical Engineering, Tatung University, Section 3, Zhongshan North Road, Zhongshan District, Taipei 10452, Taiwan)

Abstract

The abundant wind resources in the Penghu area, where the capacity factor of wind turbines can reach 45%, have inspired authorities to build more wind turbines in a diesel-based power system. However, because the wind turbine output is unstable, high wind power penetration in the system may relatively affect the power quality (voltage and frequency) and reliability of the system. Previous studies have suggested that the optimal penetration level for wind power generation under the present dispatching criteria in Penghu is 26.3%. The present study suggests that the criteria for current unit scheduling should be modified; in particular, the spinning reserve ( SR ) capacity of the diesel engines should be increased without affecting the reliability and power quality of the power system. Such an increase could help avoid the construction of high-cost energy storage systems.

Suggested Citation

  • Chia-An Chang & Yuan-Kang Wu & Bin-Kwie Chen, 2016. "Determination of Maximum Wind Power Penetration in an Isolated Island System by Considering Spinning Reserve," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(9), pages 1-16, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:9:y:2016:i:9:p:688-:d:76939
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    1. repec:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:11:p:1797-:d:118006 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    wind power penetration; dispatching criteria; spinning reserve ( SR ); reliability and power quality;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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