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Wind Energy Potential of Gaza Using Small Wind Turbines: A Feasibility Study

Author

Listed:
  • Mohamed Elnaggar

    () (Department of Engineering, Palestine Technical College, College street, 920, Deir El-Balah, Gaza Strip, Palestine)

  • Ezzaldeen Edwan

    () (Department of Engineering, Palestine Technical College, College street, 920, Deir El-Balah, Gaza Strip, Palestine)

  • Matthias Ritter

    () (Department of Agricultural Economics, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Philippstr. 13, 10115 Berlin, Germany)

Abstract

In this paper, we conduct a feasibility study of the wind energy potential in Gaza, which suffers from a severe shortage of energy supplies. Our calculated energy harvested from the wind is based on data for a typical meteorological year, which are fed into a small wind turbine of 5 kW power rating installable on the roof of residential buildings. The expected annual energy output at a height of 10 m amounts to 2695 kWh, but it can be increased by 35–125% at higher altitudes between 20 m and 70 m. The results also depict the great potential of wind energy to complement other renewable resources such as solar energy: the harvested energy of a wind system constitutes to up to 84% of the annual output of an equivalent power rating photovoltaic system and even outperforms the solar energy in the winter months. We also show that one wind turbine and one comparable photovoltaic system together could provide enough energy for 3.7 households. Hence, a combination of wind and solar energy could stabilize the decentralized energy production in Gaza. This is very important in a region where people seek to reach energy self-sufficient buildings due to the severe electricity shortage in the local grid.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamed Elnaggar & Ezzaldeen Edwan & Matthias Ritter, 2017. "Wind Energy Potential of Gaza Using Small Wind Turbines: A Feasibility Study," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(8), pages 1-13, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:8:p:1229-:d:108869
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Matthias Ritter & Simone Pieralli & Martin Odening, 2017. "Neighborhood Effects in Wind Farm Performance: A Regression Approach," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(3), pages 1-16, March.
    2. Ritter, Matthias & Shen, Zhiwei & López Cabrera, Brenda & Odening, Martin & Deckert, Lars, 2015. "Designing an index for assessing wind energy potential," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 416-424.
    3. Shabbaneh, Rateb & Hasan, Afif, 1997. "Wind energy potential in Palestine," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 479-483.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    renewable energy; wind energy; small wind turbine; Gaza; Palestine;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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