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Are the Effects of Monetary Policy Asymmetric?


  • Regis Barnichon
  • Christian Matthes
  • Timothy Sablik


The Federal Reserve uses monetary policy to stimulate the economy when unemployment is high and to rein in inflationary pressures when the economy is overheating. However, evidence suggests that these policy stances have unequal effects. Contractionary monetary shocks raise unemployment more strongly than expansionary shocks lower it.

Suggested Citation

  • Regis Barnichon & Christian Matthes & Timothy Sablik, 2017. "Are the Effects of Monetary Policy Asymmetric?," Richmond Fed Economic Brief, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue March.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedreb:00050

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    Cited by:

    1. Manuchehr Irandoust, 2020. "The effectiveness of monetary policy and output fluctuations: An asymmetric analysis," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(2), pages 161-181, June.
    2. Hang, Yin & Xue, Wenjun, 2020. "The asymmetric effects of monetary policy on the business cycle: Evidence from the panel smoothed quantile regression model," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 195(C).
    3. Albertazzi, Ugo & Barbiero, Francesca & Marqués-Ibáñez, David & Popov, Alexander & Rodriguez d’Acri, Costanza & Vlassopoulos, Thomas, 2020. "Monetary policy and bank stability: the analytical toolbox reviewed," Working Paper Series 2377, European Central Bank.
    4. Evgenidis, Anastasios & Salachas, Evangelos, 2019. "Unconventional monetary policy and the credit channel in the euro area," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 185(C).
    5. Jean-Guillaume Sahuc & Grégory Levieuge, 2020. "Monetary Policy Transmission with Downward Interest Rate Rigidity," EconomiX Working Papers 2020-6, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    6. Nusair, Salah A., 2020. "The asymmetric effects of oil price changes on unemployment: Evidence from Canada and the U.S," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 21(C).

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    monetary policy; monetary shocks;


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