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Exportaciones y políticas comerciales óptimas para la industria textil y de confecciones. Casos de Colombia y México, 1990-2002


  • Mesa, Fernando

    (Departamento Nacional de Planeación, Bogotá)

  • Perilla, Juan Ricardo

    (Departamento Nacional de Planeación, Bogotá)


Brander and Spencer´s model (1985), embodying some extensions like product differentiation, is applied empirically to the United States imports of textiles and apparel manufacturing from Colombia and Mexico. Prices and quantities in equilibrium and the optimal policy are calculated taking both the theoretical model and the estimation of the price elasticities of those products imported by the United States. Finally, the Colombian a Mexican potential losing welfare is measuring as consequence to trade those products with non-optimal prices and quantities.// El modelo de Brander y Spencer (1985), con algunas extensiones como la diferenciación de productos, se aplica empíricamente a las importaciones de los Estados Unidos de textiles y confecciones desde Colombia y México. Se calcula los precios y las cantidades de equilibrio, como la política comercial óptima, a partir de los resultados del modelo teórico y de las estimaciones de las elasticidades precio de estos productos en el mercado de los Estados Unidos. Por último, se mide las pérdidas potenciales en bienestar que tuvieron Colombia y México como consecuencia de exportar esos bienes con precios y cantidades no óptimas.

Suggested Citation

  • Mesa, Fernando & Perilla, Juan Ricardo, 2007. "Exportaciones y políticas comerciales óptimas para la industria textil y de confecciones. Casos de Colombia y México, 1990-2002," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(293), pages 195-221, enero-mar.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:74:y:2007:i:293:p:195-221

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dixit, Avinash K. & Grossman, Gene M., 1986. "Targeted export promotion with several oligopolistic industries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(3-4), pages 233-249, November.
    2. Bulow, Jeremy I & Geanakoplos, John D & Klemperer, Paul D, 1985. "Multimarket Oligopoly: Strategic Substitutes and Complements," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(3), pages 488-511, June.
    3. Mortimore, Michael, 1999. "Industrialización a base de confecciones en la Cuenca del Caribe: ¿un tejido raído?," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    4. Qiu, Larry D, 1995. "Strategic Trade Policy under Uncertainty," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 3(1), pages 75-85, February.
    5. Brander, James A. & Spencer, Barbara J., 1985. "Export subsidies and international market share rivalry," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1-2), pages 83-100, February.
    6. Caglayan, Mustafa, 2000. "Uncertainty Resolution and Strategic Trade Policy in Oligopolistic Industries," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(2), pages 311-318, May.
    7. Alan V. Deardorff & Robert M. Stern, 1997. "Measurement of Non-Tariff Barriers," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 179, OECD Publishing.
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    1. -, 2007. "CEPAL Review no. 91," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.

    More about this item


    modelos de comercio con competencia imperfecta; política comercial y de promoción; estudios de industrias; países de comercio;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade


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