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Exportaciones y políticas comerciales óptimas para la industria textil y de confecciones. Casos de Colombia y México, 1990-2002

  • Mesa, Fernando

    (Departamento Nacional de Planeación, Bogotá)

  • Perilla, Juan Ricardo

    (Departamento Nacional de Planeación, Bogotá)

Brander and Spencer´s model (1985), embodying some extensions like product differentiation, is applied empirically to the United States imports of textiles and apparel manufacturing from Colombia and Mexico. Prices and quantities in equilibrium and the optimal policy are calculated taking both the theoretical model and the estimation of the price elasticities of those products imported by the United States. Finally, the Colombian a Mexican potential losing welfare is measuring as consequence to trade those products with non-optimal prices and quantities.// El modelo de Brander y Spencer (1985), con algunas extensiones como la diferenciación de productos, se aplica empíricamente a las importaciones de los Estados Unidos de textiles y confecciones desde Colombia y México. Se calcula los precios y las cantidades de equilibrio, como la política comercial óptima, a partir de los resultados del modelo teórico y de las estimaciones de las elasticidades precio de estos productos en el mercado de los Estados Unidos. Por último, se mide las pérdidas potenciales en bienestar que tuvieron Colombia y México como consecuencia de exportar esos bienes con precios y cantidades no óptimas.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXIV (1) (2007)
Issue (Month): 293 (enero-marzo)
Pages: 195-221

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:74:y:2007:i:293:p:195-221
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