An Economic Analysis of Hate Crime
Utilizing an established economic framework grounded in Becker's (1981) path-breaking analysis of altruism and envy within the family, this paper explores the determinants of hate crimes, also known as bias-motivated crimes. Making use of a unique data set on hate crimes compiled by the FBI, we estimate the determinants of hate crimes across states using both random- and fixed-effects approaches. While there are limitations in the use of bias-motivation crime data in empirical analysis, we find statistical significance between the incidence of hate crime and several economic and socioeconomic variables. Most notably, among non-South states, a higher hate crime rate is associated with higher abuse rates, higher unemployment rates, and greater parity of black and white incomes.
Volume (Year): 28 (2002)
Issue (Month): 2 (Spring)
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- Ehrlich, Isaac, 1973. "Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 521-65, May-June.
- Sjoquist, David Lawrence, 1973. "Property Crime and Economic Behavior: Some Empirical Results," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 439-46, June.
- Zhang, Junsen, 1997. "The Effect of Welfare Programs on Criminal Behavior: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 35(1), pages 120-37, January.
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