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Talent management of western MNCs in China: Balancing global integration and local responsiveness

  • Hartmann, Evi
  • Feisel, Edda
  • Schober, Holger
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    Since the beginning of its market economy and open-door policy in 1978, China has extensively promoted foreign direct investment. Consequently, many western MNCs have entered the country in search of new business opportunities. Today, one of the greatest challenges facing these organizations is finding talented people who are needed to run their businesses. Although the strategic importance of talent management has been acknowledged in recent years, few studies analyze the talent management of western MNCs in China. Building on qualitative data from seven case studies, our paper therefore seeks to explore how western MNCs in China identify, develop and retain their talented employees. The paper shows that MNCs transfer their talent management practices to China without many changes, focusing specifically on the development of talented employees and the creation of an organizational culture. Nevertheless, the results also indicate that integrated and strategic talent management strategies have not yet been fully implemented.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of World Business.

    Volume (Year): 45 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 2 (April)
    Pages: 169-178

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:worbus:v:45:y:2010:i:2:p:169-178
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    1. Björkman, Ingmar & Smale, Adam & Sumelius, Jennie & Suutari, Vesa & Lu, Yuan, 2008. "Changes in institutional context and MNC operations in China: Subsidiary HRM practices in 1996 versus 2006," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 146-158, April.
    2. Carr, Stuart C. & Inkson, Kerr & Thorn, Kaye, 2005. "From global careers to talent flow: Reinterpreting 'brain drain'," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 386-398, November.
    3. Björkman, Ingmar & Lu, Yuan, 1999. "The management of human resources in Chinese-Western joint ventures," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 306-324, October.
    4. K Kim & J-H Park & J E Prescott, 2003. "The global integration of business functions: a study of multinational businesses in integrated global industries," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(4), pages 327-344, July.
    5. Tung, Rosalie L., 2008. "Brain circulation, diaspora, and international competitiveness," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 298-304, October.
    6. Gamble, Jos, 2006. "Introducing Western-style HRM practices to China: Shopfloor perceptions in a British multinational," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 328-343, December.
    7. Shenxue Li & Hugh Scullion, 2006. "Bridging the distance: Managing cross-border knowledge holders," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 23(1), pages 71-92, March.
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