Children's active travel and independent mobility in four countries: Development, social contributing trends and measures
In many countries a decline in children's active and independent mobility, like walking and cycling is registered. In this paper the development of children's mobility in Denmark, Finland, Great Britain and Norway is compared to examine differences and similarities in these countries. Accessible data are used, which implies that not all of them are directly comparable, but they are employed as indicators of development. The trends are the same in these four countries, an increase in car use and decrease in bicycling and walking. Distance to school has increased, both as a result of bigger units and more children in private schools. Traffic is an important reason for taking children to school by car, but convenience for the parents is also part of it. Organized leisure activities has also contributed to less walking and cycling, in addition to more time pressure in families, increased access to car(s) and easier access to parents as a 'transport service' by the help of the mobile phone. The measures that different countries use in trying to meet the challenges of children's mobility tend to focus on the school trip and most often on traffic safety, both at national and local levels.
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Volume (Year): 18 (2011)
Issue (Month): 5 (September)
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Jensen, Søren Underlien, 2008. "How to obtain a healthy journey to school," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 475-486, March.
- Kingham, Simon & Ussher, Shannon, 2007. "An assessment of the benefits of the walking school bus in Christchurch, New Zealand," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 41(6), pages 502-510, July.
- Hjorthol, Randi & Fyhri, Aslak, 2009. "Do organized leisure activities for children encourage car-use?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 209-218, February.
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