IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/transb/v43y2009i7p784-797.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Criticism of three-phase traffic theory

Author

Listed:
  • Schönhof, Martin
  • Helbing, Dirk

Abstract

After introducing the history and main points of three-phase traffic theory, we continue with a critical discussion based on its theoretical features and empirical traffic data. Our data originate from the German freeway A5 close to Frankfurt, i.e. from the same freeway section that has been the basis for the development of three-phase traffic theory. Despite of this, we end up with partially different interpretations of the observations. In particular, we highlight findings that are inconsistent with three-phase traffic theory and facts that question the concept of a "general pattern" of congested traffic flow. Finally, we discuss some open problems that call for the development of improved traffic models and further empirical studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Schönhof, Martin & Helbing, Dirk, 2009. "Criticism of three-phase traffic theory," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 43(7), pages 784-797, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:43:y:2009:i:7:p:784-797
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191-2615(09)00022-8
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Treiber, Martin & Kesting, Arne & Helbing, Dirk, 2006. "Delays, inaccuracies and anticipation in microscopic traffic models," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 360(1), pages 71-88.
    2. Daganzo, Carlos F., 1995. "Requiem for second-order fluid approximations of traffic flow," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 277-286, August.
    3. Daganzo, Carlos F., 1994. "The cell transmission model: A dynamic representation of highway traffic consistent with the hydrodynamic theory," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 269-287, August.
    4. Helbing, Dirk & Hennecke, Ansgar & Shvetsov, Vladimir & Treiber, Martin, 2001. "MASTER: macroscopic traffic simulation based on a gas-kinetic, non-local traffic model," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 183-211, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Jiang, Rui & Hu, Mao-Bin & Zhang, H.M. & Gao, Zi-You & Jia, Bin & Wu, Qing-Song, 2015. "On some experimental features of car-following behavior and how to model them," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 338-354.
    2. Treiber, Martin & Kesting, Arne, 2011. "Evidence of convective instability in congested traffic flow: A systematic empirical and theoretical investigation," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(9), pages 1362-1377.
    3. Treiber, Martin & Kesting, Arne & Helbing, Dirk, 2010. "Three-phase traffic theory and two-phase models with a fundamental diagram in the light of empirical stylized facts," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 44(8-9), pages 983-1000, September.
    4. repec:eee:ejores:v:269:y:2018:i:2:p:730-748 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Rehborn, Hubert & Klenov, Sergey L. & Palmer, Jochen, 2011. "An empirical study of common traffic congestion features based on traffic data measured in the USA, the UK, and Germany," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 390(23), pages 4466-4485.
    6. He, Zhengbing & Zheng, Liang & Guan, Wei, 2015. "A simple nonparametric car-following model driven by field data," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 185-201.
    7. Járai-Szabó, Ferenc & Néda, Zoltán, 2012. "Earthquake model describes traffic jams caused by imperfect driving styles," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(22), pages 5727-5738.
    8. MacGregor Smith, J. & Cruz, F.R.B., 2014. "M/G/c/c state dependent travel time models and properties," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 395(C), pages 560-579.
    9. Tian, Junfang & Jiang, Rui & Jia, Bin & Gao, Ziyou & Ma, Shoufeng, 2016. "Empirical analysis and simulation of the concave growth pattern of traffic oscillations," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 93(PA), pages 338-354.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:43:y:2009:i:7:p:784-797. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/548/description#description .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.