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A critical review of conventional terminology for classifying seaports

  • Bichou, K.
  • Gray, R.
Registered author(s):

    Seaports are complex and dynamic entities, often dissimilar from each other, where various activities are carried out by and for the account of different actors and organisations. Such a multifaceted situation has led to a variety of operational, organisational and strategic management approaches to port systems. It is noticeable in the current body of port literature that the conceptualisation of the port business has taken place at different disciplinary levels without producing a comprehensive and structured port management discipline. Much of the current literature on ports has been developed by international organisations and institutions in the field (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), World Bank Group, etc.) and a resulting terminology has evolved depicting specific concepts hardly understood by professionals and academics outside the field. On the other hand, many areas of port operations and management still remain unexplored, and there are few academic references outlining the different features of operational and strategic management in ports. This paper examines the validity of the conventional terminology for classifying ports, questioning the assumption that ports should be conceptualised as separate markets and distinct operational and business ventures. It seeks to demonstrate that in today's inter-related global markets and businesses with integrated logistics and supply chain flows, there is less of a case for the traditionally isolated and restricted port terminology.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VG7-4F08DTR-6/2/a3540b4dcf34c7bfcd211af958f6fe55
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.

    Volume (Year): 39 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 75-92

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:39:y:2005:i:1:p:75-92
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    1. Peter V. Hall, 2004. "Mutual Specialisation, Seaports And The Geography Of Automobile Imports," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 95(2), pages 135-146, 04.
    2. Thomas, B. J., 1994. "The need for organizational change in seaports," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 69-78, January.
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    4. Valentina Carbone & Marcella De Martino, 2003. "The changing role of ports in supply-chain management: an empirical analysis," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(4), pages 305-320, October.
    5. Hyung Rim Choi & Hyun Soo Kim & Byung Joo Park & Nam-Kyu Park & Sang Wan Lee, 2003. "An ERP approach for container terminal operating systems," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(3), pages 197-210, July.
    6. David Newman & Jay H. Walder, 2003. "Federal ports policy," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(2), pages 151-163, January.
    7. HEAVER, Trevor & MEERSMAN, Hilde & VAN DE VOORDE, Eddy, 2001. "Co-operation and competition in international container transport: Strategies for ports," Working Papers 2001002, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
    8. Khalid Bichou & Richard Gray, 2004. "A logistics and supply chain management approach to port performance measurement," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(1), pages 47-67, January.
    9. Cullinane, Kevin & Song, Dong-Wook & Gray, Richard, 2002. "A stochastic frontier model of the efficiency of major container terminals in Asia: assessing the influence of administrative and ownership structures," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 743-762, October.
    10. Ricardo J S�nchez & Jan Hoffmann & Alejandro Micco & Georgina V Pizzolitto & Mart�n Sgut & Gordon Wilmsmeier, 2003. "Port Efficiency and International Trade: Port Efficiency as a Determinant of Maritime Transport Costs," Maritime Economics and Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 5(2), pages 199-218, June.
    11. Marc H Juhel, 2001. "Globalisation, Privatisation and Restructuring of Ports," Maritime Economics and Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 3(2), pages 139-174, June.
    12. Sidney Gilman, 2003. "Sustainability and national policy in UK port development," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(4), pages 275-291, October.
    13. Kevin Cullinane & Dong-Wook Song, 2002. "Port privatization policy and practice," Transport Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(1), pages 55-75, January.
    14. Douglas K. Fleming & Alfred J. Baird, 1999. "Comment Some reflections on port competition in the United States and western Europe," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(4), pages 383-394, October.
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