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Labor and the Geographic Reorganization of Container Shipping in the U.S

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  • DAVID JAFFEE

Abstract

The globalization of production and the geographic dispersion of economic activity have elevated the importance of the transportation and logistics sectors of the economy. One sector in particular that has experienced significant expansion is maritime transport and container shipping. As the cargo has become increasingly “discretionary” such that it can conceivably be transported through any port that allows intermodal access to the hinterland, the industry has become much more foot-loose vis‐à‐vis a particular port of entry. The enhanced mobility of the cargo results in more intense port competition. One particular place to observe and study this dynamic is in the port and terminal selection of shippers and shipping lines and the role of port authorities in attempting to attract these carriers to their facilities. In this paper, the focus is on the role of labor and labor relations in such decisions. These issues will be studied in the context of the potential container traffic rerouting from the West to the East Coast of the U.S. and, as an illustrative case study, how these developments have played out for the East Coast port of Jacksonville, Florida.

Suggested Citation

  • David Jaffee, 2010. "Labor and the Geographic Reorganization of Container Shipping in the U.S," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(4), pages 520-539, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:growch:v:41:y:2010:i:4:p:520-539
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1468-2257.2010.00537.x
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    1. Jose Tongzon & Lavina Sawant, 2007. "Port choice in a competitive environment: from the shipping lines' perspective," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(4), pages 477-492.
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    4. T. Heaver & H. Meersman & E. Van De Voorde, 2001. "Co-operation and competition in international container transport: strategies for ports," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(3), pages 293-305, July.
    5. Notteboom Theo E., 2004. "Container Shipping And Ports: An Overview," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 3(2), pages 1-21, June.
    6. Marc H Juhel, 2001. "Globalisation, Privatisation and Restructuring of Ports," Maritime Economics & Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan;International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME), vol. 3(2), pages 139-174, June.
    7. Daniel Olivier & Brian Slack, 2006. "Rethinking the Port," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 38(8), pages 1409-1427, August.
    8. Dong-Wook Song & Photis M. Panayides, 2008. "Global supply chain and port/terminal: integration and competitiveness," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(1), pages 73-87, February.
    9. Tongzon, Jose L., 2009. "Port choice and freight forwarders," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 186-195, January.
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