IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

The social context of health selection: a longitudinal study of health and employment

  • McDonough, Peggy
  • Amick, Benjamin C.
Registered author(s):

    Health selection out of the labour force has received considerable attention by analysts attempting to disentangle the "true" biological dimensions of ill-health from its social meaning. Rejecting this dualistic separation, we argue that the effect of health on labour force participation is an inherently social process reflecting differential access to material and symbolic rewards that are structured by social position. Using longitudinal data from the US-based Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine the extent to which structural arrangements, including those designated by gender, race, education and age, differentially affect the risk of a labour market exit when health is compromised. Individuals employed at entry into the study (from 1984 - 1990) were followed for the duration of the study or until they left the labour force. Analyses were stratified by gender and age (25-39 and 40-61 years at baseline). We found suggestive evidence that the hazard of labour market exit in the context of perceived ill-health depended on gender, race and education, but in ways that were not constant across each of these social positions. For example, men may be more vulnerable to the labour market effects of poor health, but only in the younger group, black men were less likely to leave the labour force than white men, and education mattered, but only among younger women and older men. While these patterns may reflect differential access to disability pensions or other work-related benefits, we suggest that a more detailed analysis of trajectories of health and employment, as well as the meaning of health states, would be useful in further elucidating the social dimensions of health selection.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VBF-430WWYV-Y/2/bca9cf4cbd476dc80897bbeac2f21567
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.

    Volume (Year): 53 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 1 (July)
    Pages: 135-145

    as
    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:53:y:2001:i:1:p:135-145
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/315/description#description

    Order Information: Postal: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/supportfaq.cws_home/regional
    Web: http://www.elsevier.com/orderme/journalorderform.cws_home/315/journalorderform1/orderooc/id=654&ref=654_01_ooc_1&version=01

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:53:y:2001:i:1:p:135-145. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.