IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/rensus/v67y2017icp1237-1266.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Towards lower gas turbine emissions: Flameless distributed combustion

Author

Listed:
  • Khidr, Kareem I.
  • Eldrainy, Yehia A.
  • EL-Kassaby, Mohamed M.

Abstract

We report on a number of attempts in which a flameless combustor design for gas turbine applications was proposed. Through the different experimental findings of other researchers, we attempt to develop a deeper understanding of the behavior of flameless combustion systems and the major parameters impacting their emission performance. Whenever possible, we shall extend the discussion on the reported experimental/analytical results and highlight what would be considered as an interesting finding. This survey shows how the flameless combustion regime delivered on the promise of ultra-low NOx and CO emissions levels. At some operating conditions, both of NOX and CO levels fall to the single digit range (<10ppm). The flameless phenomenon pushes the limits of flame stability to very lean fuel-air mixtures. It can be achieved with various fuels and blends and using both of the gaseous and liquid fuels, whether the combustion is in the premixed or non-premixed mode. It may be thought to offer enhanced combustion stability when compared to the lean premixed combustion systems.

Suggested Citation

  • Khidr, Kareem I. & Eldrainy, Yehia A. & EL-Kassaby, Mohamed M., 2017. "Towards lower gas turbine emissions: Flameless distributed combustion," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 1237-1266.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:67:y:2017:i:c:p:1237-1266
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.09.032
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032116305275
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Budzianowski, Wojciech M., 2016. "A review of potential innovations for production, conditioning and utilization of biogas with multiple-criteria assessment," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1148-1171.
    2. Khalil, Ahmed E.E. & Gupta, Ashwani K., 2013. "Fuel flexible distributed combustion for efficient and clean gas turbine engines," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 267-274.
    3. Bergthorson, Jeffrey M. & Thomson, Murray J., 2015. "A review of the combustion and emissions properties of advanced transportation biofuels and their impact on existing and future engines," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 1393-1417.
    4. Khalil, Ahmed E.E. & Gupta, Ashwani K., 2014. "Velocity and turbulence effects on high intensity distributed combustion," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 125(C), pages 1-9.
    5. Yin, Juan & Su, Shi & Yu, Xin Xiang & Weng, Yiwu, 2010. "Thermodynamic characteristics of a low concentration methane catalytic combustion gas turbine," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(6), pages 2102-2108, June.
    6. Bundhoo, Zumar M.A. & Mauthoor, Sumayya & Mohee, Romeela, 2016. "Potential of biogas production from biomass and waste materials in the Small Island Developing State of Mauritius," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 1087-1100.
    7. Khalil, Ahmed E.E. & Gupta, Ashwani K., 2014. "Towards distributed combustion for ultra low emission using swirling and non-swirling flowfields," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 132-139.
    8. Chiaramonti, David & Oasmaa, Anja & Solantausta, Yrjö, 2007. "Power generation using fast pyrolysis liquids from biomass," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(6), pages 1056-1086, August.
    9. Khalil, Ahmed E.E. & Gupta, Ashwani K., 2014. "Swirling flowfield for colorless distributed combustion," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 208-218.
    10. Arghode, Vaibhav K. & Gupta, Ashwani K., 2013. "Role of thermal intensity on operational characteristics of ultra-low emission colorless distributed combustion," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 930-956.
    11. Khalil, Ahmed E.E. & Gupta, Ashwani K., 2013. "Hydrogen addition effects on high intensity distributed combustion," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 71-78.
    12. Khalil, Ahmed E.E. & Gupta, Ashwani K., 2011. "Swirling distributed combustion for clean energy conversion in gas turbine applications," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(11), pages 3685-3693.
    13. Nishida, Kousuke & Takagi, Toshimi & Kinoshita, Shinichi, 2005. "Regenerative steam-injection gas-turbine systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 81(3), pages 231-246, July.
    14. Hirth, Lion & Ziegenhagen, Inka, 2015. "Balancing power and variable renewables: Three links," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 1035-1051.
    15. Kamp, Linda Manon & Bermúdez Forn, Esteban, 2016. "Ethiopia׳s emerging domestic biogas sector: Current status, bottlenecks and drivers," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 475-488.
    16. Piwowar, Arkadiusz & Dzikuć, Maciej & Adamczyk, Janusz, 2016. "Agricultural biogas plants in Poland – selected technological, market and environmental aspects," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 69-74.
    17. Nematollahi, Omid & Hoghooghi, Hadi & Rasti, Mehdi & Sedaghat, Ahmad, 2016. "Energy demands and renewable energy resources in the Middle East," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1172-1181.
    18. Khalil, Ahmed E.E. & Gupta, Ashwani K., 2011. "Distributed swirl combustion for gas turbine application," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(12), pages 4898-4907.
    19. Khalil, Ahmed E.E. & Arghode, Vaibhav K. & Gupta, Ashwani K. & Lee, Sang Chun, 2012. "Low calorific value fuelled distributed combustion with swirl for gas turbine applications," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 69-78.
    20. Menegaki, Angeliki N. & Tsagarakis, Konstantinos P., 2015. "Rich enough to go renewable, but too early to leave fossil energy?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1465-1477.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Tu, Yaojie & Xu, Shunta & Xu, Mingchen & Liu, Hao & Yang, Wenming, 2020. "Numerical study of methane combustion under moderate or intense low-oxygen dilution regime at elevated pressure conditions up to 8 atm," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 197(C).
    2. Pires, Thiago S. & Cruz, Manuel E. & Colaço, Marcelo J. & Alves, Marco A.C., 2018. "Application of nonlinear multivariable model predictive control to transient operation of a gas turbine and NOX emissions reduction," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 149(C), pages 341-353.
    3. He, Li & Fan, Yilin & Bellettre, Jérôme & Yue, Jun & Luo, Lingai, 2020. "A review on catalytic methane combustion at low temperatures: Catalysts, mechanisms, reaction conditions and reactor designs," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 119(C).
    4. Yang, Xiao & He, Zhihong & Qiu, Penghua & Dong, Shikui & Tan, Heping, 2019. "Numerical investigations on combustion and emission characteristics of a novel elliptical jet-stabilized model combustor," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 170(C), pages 1082-1097.
    5. Sorrentino, Giancarlo & Sabia, Pino & Bozza, Pio & Ragucci, Raffaele & de Joannon, Mara, 2017. "Impact of external operating parameters on the performance of a cyclonic burner with high level of internal recirculation under MILD combustion conditions," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 137(C), pages 1167-1174.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:67:y:2017:i:c:p:1237-1266. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Haili He). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/600126/description#description .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.