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A comprehensive review of biomass resources and biofuels potential in Ghana


  • Duku, Moses Hensley
  • Gu, Sai
  • Hagan, Essel Ben


Biomass is the major energy source in Ghana contributing about 64% of Ghana's primary energy supply. In this paper, an assessment of biomass resources and biofuels production potential in Ghana is given. The broad areas of energy crops, agricultural crop residues, forest products residues, urban wastes and animal wastes are included. Animal wastes are limited to those produced by domesticated livestock. Agricultural residues included those generated from sugarcane, maize, rice, cocoa, oil palm, coconut, sorghum and millet processing. The urban category is subdivided into municipal solid waste, food waste, sewage sludge or bio-solids and waste grease. The availability of these types of biomass, together with a brief description of possible biomass conversion routes, sustainability measures, and current research and development activities in Ghana is given. It is concluded that a large availability of biomass in Ghana gives a great potential for biofuels production from these biomass resources.

Suggested Citation

  • Duku, Moses Hensley & Gu, Sai & Hagan, Essel Ben, 2011. "A comprehensive review of biomass resources and biofuels potential in Ghana," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 404-415, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:15:y:2011:i:1:p:404-415

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Singh, Jasvinder & Gu, Sai, 2010. "Biomass conversion to energy in India--A critique," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(5), pages 1367-1378, June.
    2. Ganesh, Anuradda & Banerjee, Rangan, 2001. "Biomass pyrolysis for power generation — a potential technology," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 9-14.
    3. Cuvilas, C.A. & Jirjis, R. & Lucas, C., 2010. "Energy situation in Mozambique: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(7), pages 2139-2146, September.
    4. Zhang, Daowei & Aboagye Owiredu, Eric, 2007. "Land tenure, market, and the establishment of forest plantations in Ghana," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(6), pages 602-610, February.
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