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Feasibility study of harnessing wind energy for turbine installation in province of Yazd in Iran

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  • Mostafaeipour, Ali

Abstract

This paper analyses the wind speed of some major cities in province of Yazd which is located in central part of Iran. Also, the feasibility study of implementing wind turbines to take advantage of wind power is reviewed and then the subject of wind speed and wind potential at different stations is considered. This paper utilized wind speed data over a period of almost 13 years between 1992 and 2005 from 11 stations, to assess the wind power potential at these sites. In this paper, the hourly measured wind speed data at 10Â m, 20Â m and 40Â m height for Yazd province have been statically analyzed to determine the potential of wind power generation. Extrapolation of the 10Â m data, using the Power Law, has been used to determine the wind data at heights of 20Â m and 40Â m. The results showed that most of the stations have annual average wind speed of less than 4.5Â m/s which is considered as unacceptable for installation of the wind turbines. City of Herat has higher wind energy potential with annual wind speed average of 5.05Â m/s and 6.86Â m/s, respectively, at height of 10Â m and 40Â m above ground level (AGL). This site is a good candidate for remote area wind energy applications. But some more information is required, because the collected data for Herat is only for 2004. Cities of Aghda with 3.96Â m/s, Gariz with 3.95Â m/s, and Maybod with 3.83Â m/s annual wind speed average at height of 10Â m above ground level are also able to harness wind by installing small wind turbines. The Tabas and Bafgh sites wind speed data indicated that the two sites have lower annual wind speed averages between 1.56Â m/s and 2.22Â m/s at 10Â m height. The monthly and annual wind speeds at different heights have been studied to ensure optimum selection of wind turbine installation for different stations in Yazd.

Suggested Citation

  • Mostafaeipour, Ali, 2010. "Feasibility study of harnessing wind energy for turbine installation in province of Yazd in Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 93-111, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:14:y:2010:i:1:p:93-111
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nasir, S.M. & Raza, S.M. & Raja, I.A., 1992. "Distribution of wind power resource over Pakistan," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 2(4), pages 411-420.
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    Cited by:

    1. Irwanto, M. & Gomesh, N. & Mamat, M.R. & Yusoff, Y.M., 2014. "Assessment of wind power generation potential in Perlis, Malaysia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 296-308.
    2. Mirhosseini, M. & Sharifi, F. & Sedaghat, A., 2011. "Assessing the wind energy potential locations in province of Semnan in Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 449-459, January.
    3. repec:eee:rensus:v:80:y:2017:i:c:p:774-788 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jangid, Jayant & Bera, Apurba Kumar & Joseph, Manoj & Singh, Vishal & Singh, T.P. & Pradhan, B.K. & Das, Sandipan, 2016. "Potential zones identification for harvesting wind energy resources in desert region of India – A multi criteria evaluation approach using remote sensing and GIS," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 1-10.
    5. repec:eee:renene:v:109:y:2017:i:c:p:646-667 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Alamdari, Pouria & Nematollahi, Omid & Alemrajabi, Ali Akbar, 2013. "Solar energy potentials in Iran: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 778-788.
    7. El Alimi, Souheil & Maatallah, Taher & Dahmouni, Anouar Wajdi & Ben Nasrallah, Sassi, 2012. "Modeling and investigation of the wind resource in the gulf of Tunis, Tunisia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 5466-5478.
    8. Mostafaeipour, A. & Sedaghat, A. & Dehghan-Niri, A.A. & Kalantar, V., 2011. "Wind energy feasibility study for city of Shahrbabak in Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 2545-2556, August.
    9. Dehghan, A.A., 2011. "Status and potentials of renewable energies in Yazd Province-Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 1491-1496, April.
    10. Islam, A.B.M. Saiful & Jameel, Mohammed & Jumaat, Mohd Zamin & Shirazi, S.M. & Salman, Firas A., 2012. "Review of offshore energy in Malaysia and floating Spar platform for sustainable exploration," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 6268-6284.
    11. Ucar, Aynur & Balo, Figen, 2010. "Assessment of wind power potential for turbine installation in coastal areas of Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(7), pages 1901-1912, September.
    12. Schallenberg-Rodriguez, Julieta, 2013. "A methodological review to estimate techno-economical wind energy production," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 272-287.
    13. Assareh, Ehsanolah & Biglari, Mojtaba, 2015. "A novel approach to capture the maximum power from variable speed wind turbines using PI controller, RBF neural network and GSA evolutionary algorithm," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 1023-1037.
    14. Mostafaeipour, Ali, 2010. "Feasibility study of offshore wind turbine installation in Iran compared with the world," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(7), pages 1722-1743, September.
    15. Mostafaeipour, Ali & Sedaghat, Ahmad & Ghalishooyan, Morteza & Dinpashoh, Yagob & Mirhosseini, Mojtaba & Sefid, Mohammad & Pour-Rezaei, Maryam, 2013. "Evaluation of wind energy potential as a power generation source for electricity production in Binalood, Iran," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 222-229.
    16. Kaabeche, A. & Belhamel, M. & Ibtiouen, R., 2011. "Sizing optimization of grid-independent hybrid photovoltaic/wind power generation system," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 1214-1222.
    17. Khahro, Shahnawaz Farhan & Tabbassum, Kavita & Mahmood Soomro, Amir & Liao, Xiaozhong & Alvi, Muhammad Bux & Dong, Lei & Manzoor, M. Farhan, 2014. "Techno-economical evaluation of wind energy potential and analysis of power generation from wind at Gharo, Sindh Pakistan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 460-474.
    18. Mostafaeipour, Ali & Jadidi, Mohsen & Mohammadi, Kasra & Sedaghat, Ahmad, 2014. "An analysis of wind energy potential and economic evaluation in Zahedan, Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 641-650.
    19. Diaf, S. & Notton, G., 2013. "Technical and economic analysis of large-scale wind energy conversion systems in Algeria," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 37-51.
    20. Saeidi, D. & Mirhosseini, M. & Sedaghat, A. & Mostafaeipour, A., 2011. "Feasibility study of wind energy potential in two provinces of Iran: North and South Khorasan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(8), pages 3558-3569.
    21. Chandel, S.S. & Ramasamy, P. & Murthy, K.S.R, 2014. "Wind power potential assessment of 12 locations in western Himalayan region of India," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 530-545.
    22. repec:eee:rensus:v:74:y:2017:i:c:p:835-847 is not listed on IDEAS
    23. Fazelpour, Farivar & Soltani, Nima & Soltani, Sina & Rosen, Marc A., 2015. "Assessment of wind energy potential and economics in the north-western Iranian cities of Tabriz and Ardabil," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 87-99.

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