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Understanding why high income households save more than low income households

  • Huggett, Mark
  • Ventura, Gustavo

This paper investigates why high income households save on average a higher fraction of income than do low income households in US cross-section data. The three explanations considered are (1) age differences across households, (2) temporary earnings shocks and (3) the structure of social security payments. We use a calibrated life-cycle model to evaluate the quantitative importance of these explanations. We find that age and the structure of social security payments are quantitatively important in replicating the pattern of average savings rates and income found in US cross-section data. Surprisingly, temporary shocks turn out to be of secondary importance.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Monetary Economics.

Volume (Year): 45 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 361-397

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Handle: RePEc:eee:moneco:v:45:y:2000:i:2:p:361-397
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505566

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