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A new approach for constructing home price indices: The pseudo repeat sales model and its application in China

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  • Guo, Xiaoyang
  • Zheng, Siqi
  • Geltner, David
  • Liu, Hongyu

Abstract

This paper develops a “pseudo repeat sale” estimation sample construction procedure (ps-RS) to construct more reliable and less biased quality-controlled price indices for newly-constructed homes. The method may be useful wherever new housing development is of sufficiently large scale and homogeneous. Such circumstances characterize many emerging market countries, and here we apply the technique in China. We match two very similar new sales within a defined matching space. Here we test three versions of matching spaces – complex, phase, and building. We then regress the within-pair price differentials onto time dummies and the differentials in unit-specific physical attributes. Locational and community variations, as well as many unobservable or difficult to measure physical attribute variations, are cancelled out in the model, and thereby controlled for. The building-version ps-RS index does the best job in this regard because its within-pair differential is the smallest. We further introduce a “hedonic value” distance metric criterion so that one can deal flexibly with the trade-off between the within-pair “similarity” and the sample size. We explicate and demonstrate formal signal-to-noise oriented metrics of index quality, which can be superior to traditional standard errors based metrics, and we use the new metrics to compare index construction methodologies. The ps-RS approach addresses the problem of lack of repeat-sales data in emerging markets and newly constructed properties and the omitted variables problem in the hedonic method. It also addresses the traditional problems with the classical same-property repeat-sales model in terms of small sample sizes and sample selection bias.

Suggested Citation

  • Guo, Xiaoyang & Zheng, Siqi & Geltner, David & Liu, Hongyu, 2014. "A new approach for constructing home price indices: The pseudo repeat sales model and its application in China," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 20-38.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jhouse:v:25:y:2014:i:c:p:20-38
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jhe.2014.01.005
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    8. Daams, Michiel N. & Sijtsma, Frans J. & Veneri, Paolo, 2019. "Mixed monetary and non-monetary valuation of attractive urban green space: A case study using Amsterdam house prices," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 166(C), pages 1-1.
    9. Karl L. Guntermann & Crocker Liu & Adam Nowak, 2014. "Repeat Sales Methods for Growing Cities and Short Horizons," Working Papers 14-20, Department of Economics, West Virginia University.
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    14. Jiang, Liang & Phillips, Peter C.B. & Yu, Jun, 2015. "New methodology for constructing real estate price indices applied to the Singapore residential market," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(S2), pages 121-131.
    15. Liang Jiang & Peter C.B. Phillips & Jun Yu, 2014. "A New Hedonic Regression for Real Estate Prices Applied to the Singapore Residential Market," Working Papers 19-2014, Singapore Management University, School of Economics.
    16. Daams, Michiel N. & Proietti, Paola & Veneri, Paolo, 2019. "The effect of asylum seeker reception centers on nearby house prices: Evidence from The Netherlands," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C).
    17. Binge, Laurie H. & Boshoff, Willem H., 2021. "Measuring alternative asset prices in an emerging market: The case of the South African art market," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(C).
    18. Kokot Sebastian, 2017. "Comparative Analysis Of Hedonic And Filtered Indexes In Selected Cities," Real Estate Management and Valuation, Sciendo, vol. 25(3), pages 40-50, September.
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    20. Alex Minne & Marc Francke & David Geltner & Robert White, 2020. "Using Revisions as a Measure of Price Index Quality in Repeat-Sales Models," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 60(4), pages 514-553, May.
    21. Zhang, Lei & Yi, Yimin, 2017. "Quantile house price indices in Beijing," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 85-96.
    22. Lyndsey Rolheiser & Dorinth van Dijk & Alex van de Minne, 2018. "Does Housing Vintage Matter? Exploring the Historic City Center of Amsterdam," DNB Working Papers 617, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    23. Li, Keyang & Qin, Yu & Wu, Jing, 2020. "Recent housing affordability in urban China: A comprehensive overview," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 59(C).
    24. Zan Yang & Shuping Wu, 2019. "Land acquisition outcome, developer risk attitude and land development timing," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 59(2), pages 233-271, August.

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