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Policy burden, privatization and soft budget constraint

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  • Lin, Justin Yifu
  • Li, Zhiyun

Abstract

We propose a new cause for the pervasive syndromes of soft budget constraint (SBC) in socialist and transition economies, that is, the policy burdens on enterprises result in the SBC problems. The policy burdens induce low effort input of firm manager and thus the low efficiency of production. And with the policy burdens, increasing market competition will make the SBC syndromes arise more likely. Privatization will not necessarily harden the budget constraint of the enterprise. On the contrary, when a SOE still bears the policy burdens, privatization will only aggravate the SBC problems. Because in this case, a private enterprise will demand more ex post subsidies from the government, than a SOE under the same condition. Our results help to explain many stylized facts in transition and socialist economies. Journal of Comparative Economics 36 (1) (2008) 90-102.

Suggested Citation

  • Lin, Justin Yifu & Li, Zhiyun, 2008. "Policy burden, privatization and soft budget constraint," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 90-102, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jcecon:v:36:y:2008:i:1:p:90-102
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Yasuyuki Todo & Tomohiko Inui & Yuan Yuan, 2014. "Effects of Privatization on Exporting Decisions: Firm-level Evidence from Chinese State-owned Enterprises," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 56(4), pages 536-555, December.
    2. Ernesto Crivelli & Klaas Staal, 2010. "Nationalizations and Efficiency," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 16(2), pages 239-240, May.
    3. Zhang, Min & M, Lijun & Zhang, Bo & Yi, Zhihong, 2016. "Pyramidal structure, political intervention and firms' tax burden: Evidence from China's local SOEs," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 15-25.
    4. Xunan Feng & Anders C. Johansson, 2017. "CEO Incentives in Chinese State-Controlled Firms," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65(2), pages 223-264.
    5. Justin Yifu Lin & David Rosenblatt, 2012. "Shifting patterns of economic growth and rethinking development," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(3), pages 171-194, September.
    6. Alexander Ljungqvist & Donghua Chen & Dequan Jiang & Haitian Lu & Mingming Zhou, 2015. "State Capitalism vs. Private Enterprise," NBER Working Papers 20930, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Cheng, Yuk-Shing & Chung, Kim-Sau, 2013. "Too many mothers-in-law?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 69-76.
    8. Russell Cooper & Guan Gong & Ping Yan, 2015. "Dynamic labor demand in China: public and private objectives," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 46(3), pages 577-610, September.
    9. repec:eee:chieco:v:44:y:2017:i:c:p:327-342 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Liu, Xiaojie & Shen, Jim Huangnan & Deng, Kent, 2016. "A rational path towards a Pareto optimum for reforms of large state-owned enterprise in China, past, present and future," Economic History Working Papers 67019, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.
    11. Anders C. Johansson & Xunan Feng, 2016. "The state advances, the private sector retreats? Firm effects of China’s great stimulus programme," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(6), pages 1635-1668.
    12. Shen, Huangnan & Fang, Lei & Deng, Kent, 2017. "Rise of ‘Red Zaibatsu’ in China: entrenchment and expansion of large state-owned enterprises, 1990-2016," Economic History Working Papers 75214, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.
    13. Haitian Lu, Hongbo Pan, Chenying Zhang, . "Political Connectedness and Court Outcomes: Evidence from Chinese Corporate Lawsuits," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 58(4).
    14. Xu, Cheng-Gang, 2010. "The Institutional Foundations of China’s Reforms and Development," CEPR Discussion Papers 7654, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    15. Lin, Justin Yifu, 2016. "Will China continue to be the engine of growth in the world," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 683-692.
    16. repec:eee:chieco:v:44:y:2017:i:c:p:271-281 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Yongheng Deng & Randall Morck & Jing Wu & Bernard Yeung, 2011. "Monetary and Fiscal Stimuli, Ownership Structure, and China's Housing Market," NBER Working Papers 16871, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Joel Wood, 2013. "The Effects of Bailouts and Soft Budget Constraints on the Environment," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 54(1), pages 127-137, January.
    19. Lingzhi Yun & Wen Cao, 2008. "State-holding share, policy burden and performance: A study on the program of strategic investor importing for state-owned banks," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 3(4), pages 531-547, December.
    20. Shibata, Takashi & Nishihara, Michi, 2011. "Interactions between investment timing and management effort under asymmetric information: Costs and benefits of privatized firms," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 215(3), pages 688-696, December.
    21. Wang F.S., Leonard & Chen, Tai-Liang, 2011. "Privatization, Efficiency Gap, and Subsidization with Excess Taxation Burden," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 52(1), pages 55-68, June.
    22. Dong Zhang & Owen Freestone, 2013. "China's Unfinished State-owned Enterprise Reforms," Economic Roundup, The Treasury, Australian Government, issue 2, pages 79-102, December.
    23. Kang, Fei & Hauge, Janice A. & Lu, Ting-Jie, 2012. "Competition and mobile network investment in China’s telecommunications industry," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 901-913.
    24. Feng, Xunan & Johansson, Anders C., 2015. "Underpaid and Corrupt Executives in China's State Sector," Stockholm School of Economics Asia Working Paper Series 2015-37, Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm China Economic Research Institute, revised 03 Jul 2015.
    25. Johansson, Anders C. & Luo, Danglun & Rickne, Johanna & Zheng, Wei, 2016. "Government Intervention in the Capital Allocation Process: Firm Employment as an IPO Selection Rule in China," Stockholm School of Economics Asia Working Paper Series 2016-40, Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm China Economic Research Institute.

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