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Understanding the productivity effect of M&A in Japan: An empirical analysis of the electronics industry from 1989 to 1998

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  • Takechi, Kazutaka

Abstract

This study examines the effect of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) on productivity. According to the literature, the effect of a merger or acquisition on an acquiring firm's productivity is small. We examine the extent to which self-selection of M&A contributes to the weak M&A effect. Using data on Japanese electronics firms from 1989 to 1998, our empirical analysis shows that without controlling for the self-selection of M&A, M&A have a weak or insignificant effect on total factor productivity (TFP), as suggested in the literature. However, controlling for self-selection reveals a positive and large effect on productivity. We find a negative correlation between M&A decisions and TFP caused by self-selection, which makes the M&A effect appear negligible when it is not controlled for. These results suggest that M&A served as an effective device for improving the productivity of the electronics firms in our sample.

Suggested Citation

  • Takechi, Kazutaka, 2013. "Understanding the productivity effect of M&A in Japan: An empirical analysis of the electronics industry from 1989 to 1998," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 25, pages 1-9.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:japwor:v:25-26:y:2013:i::p:1-9
    DOI: 10.1016/j.japwor.2013.01.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mfon Akpan & Peter Wanke & Jorge Junio Moreira Antunes & Rangan Gupta, 2018. "Unveiling the Endogenous Relationship between Technical Efficiency and Value Creation in Mergers and Acquisitions in Nigeria," Working Papers 201821, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    D24; F23; G34; Productivity; Domestic M&A; Cross-border M&A; Self-selection;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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