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Measuring brand image using a cognitive approach: Representing brands as a network in the Turkish airline industry


  • Dirsehan, TaÅŸkın
  • KurtuluÅŸ, Sema


This study extends the previous brand image measurement processes by using a mixed (qualitative and quantitative) methodology, drawing upon a cognitive approach to represent consumers' minds as a network. Therefore, three consecutive studies have been designed from a sample of 1000 passengers to construct four distinct concept maps and a common one pertaining to four Turkish airline companies. The results show the importance of increasing flight comfort, training cabin crew, providing free appetizers, improving service quality, and ensuring timely departures in creating and sustaining a positive brand image. Academicians could use this methodology as an alternative technique to the traditional ones and practitioners could use it to evaluate brands' competitive advantages to create powerful brand images in consumers’ minds.

Suggested Citation

  • Dirsehan, TaÅŸkın & KurtuluÅŸ, Sema, 2018. "Measuring brand image using a cognitive approach: Representing brands as a network in the Turkish airline industry," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 85-93.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jaitra:v:67:y:2018:i:c:p:85-93
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2017.11.010

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Erkmen, Ezgi & Hancer, Murat, 2015. "Linking brand commitment and brand citizenship behaviors of airline employees: “The role of trustâ€," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 47-54.
    6. Lin, YiHsin & Ryan, Chris, 2016. "From mission statement to airline branding," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 150-160.
    7. Jin-Woo Park & Rodger Robertson & Cheng-Lung Wu, 2006. "Modelling the Impact of Airline Service Quality and Marketing Variables on Passengers’ Future Behavioural Intentions," Transportation Planning and Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(5), pages 359-381, July.
    8. Brodie, Roderick J. & Whittome, James R.M. & Brush, Gregory J., 2009. "Investigating the service brand: A customer value perspective," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 62(3), pages 345-355, March.
    9. Hagmann, Carmen & Semeijn, Janjaap & Vellenga, David B., 2015. "Exploring the green image of airlines: Passenger perceptions and airline choice," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 37-45.
    10. repec:eee:joreco:v:33:y:2016:i:c:p:120-126 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Johan Rekom & Gabriele Jacobs & Peeter Verlegh, 2006. "Measuring and managing the essence of a brand personality," Marketing Letters, Springer, vol. 17(3), pages 181-192, July.
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