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The rise of deferred tax assets in Japan: The role of deferred tax accounting in the Japanese banking crisis

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  • Skinner, Douglas J.

Abstract

This paper provides evidence on the role of deferred taxes in the recent financial crisis among Japanese banks. Upon adoption of deferred tax accounting in FY1998, the major Japanese banks recognized net deferred tax assets of ¥6.6 trillion ($55 billion). Without these assets, the banks would have been insolvent. The evidence supports the conclusion that Japanese regulators used deferred tax accounting as part of a regulatory forbearance strategy, and that bank managers used these assets to bolster their banks' regulatory capital. The results show how ostensibly similar accounting rules can be implemented very differently, and so have implications for IFRS.

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  • Skinner, Douglas J., 2008. "The rise of deferred tax assets in Japan: The role of deferred tax accounting in the Japanese banking crisis," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2-3), pages 218-239, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jaecon:v:46:y:2008:i:2-3:p:218-239
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    3. Gallemore, J., 2012. "Deferred Tax Assests and Bank Regulatory Capital," Other publications TiSEM c4ed0879-0d89-4594-a8f5-7, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    4. Hanlon, Michelle & Heitzman, Shane, 2010. "A review of tax research," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2-3), pages 127-178, December.
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    6. Radojko LUKIC, 2017. "Deferred Taxes in Trade," REVISTA DE MANAGEMENT COMPARAT INTERNATIONAL/REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE MANAGEMENT, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 18(5), pages 527-544, December.
    7. Viral V. Acharya & Stephen G. Ryan, 2016. "Banks’ Financial Reporting and Financial System Stability," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(2), pages 277-340, May.
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    11. Jannis Bischof & Ulf Brüggemann & Holger Daske, 2012. "Fair Value Reclassifications of Financial Assets during the Financial Crisis," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2012-010, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    12. J. Douglas Hanna & Zining Li & Wayne Shaw, 2019. "Banks’ deferred tax assets during the financial crisis," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 53(2), pages 527-550, August.
    13. Gropp, Reint & Mosk, Thomas & Ongena, Steven & Simac, Ines & Wix, Carlo, 2020. "Supranational rules, national discretion: Increasing versus inflating regulatory bank capital?," SAFE Working Paper Series 296, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
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    16. Ormazabal, Gaizka, 2018. "The Role of Stakeholders in Corporate Governance: A View from Accounting Research," CEPR Discussion Papers 12775, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    17. Kothari, S.P. & Ramanna, Karthik & Skinner, Douglas J., 2010. "Implications for GAAP from an analysis of positive research in accounting," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2-3), pages 246-286, December.
    18. Shapiro, Joel & Zeng, Jing, 2019. "Stress Testing and Bank Lending," CEPR Discussion Papers 13907, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    19. Sang-Giun Yim, 2020. "The Influence of IFRS Adoption on Banks’ Cost of Equity: Evidence from European Banks," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(9), pages 1-16, April.
    20. Jannis Bischof & Holger Daske & Christoph J. Sextroh, 2020. "Why Do Politicians Intervene in Accounting Regulation? The Role of Ideology and Special Interests," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(3), pages 589-642, June.
    21. Yumi Inamura & Shin’ya Okuda, 2017. "Deferred taxes and cost of debt: evidence from Japan," Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(3-4), pages 358-376, October.
    22. Bertomeu, Jeremy & Magee, Robert P., 2011. "From low-quality reporting to financial crises: Politics of disclosure regulation along the economic cycle," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 209-227.
    23. João Granja, 2013. "The Relation Between Bank Resolutions and Information Environment: Evidence from the Auctions for Failed Banks," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(5), pages 1031-1070, December.
    24. Anna M. Costello & João Granja & Joseph Weber, 2019. "Do Strict Regulators Increase the Transparency of Banks?," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 603-637, June.

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