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Life cycle assessment-based selection for a sustainable lightweight body-in-white design


  • Mayyas, Ahmad T.
  • Qattawi, Ala
  • Mayyas, Abdel Raouf
  • Omar, Mohammed A.


Nowadays life cycle tools namely; Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Life Cycle Costing (LCC), and Life Cycle Optimization (LCO) are being used to assess new vehicular structures from sustainability and design for the environment perspectives. This manuscript implements a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) based design approach to assess the performance of vehicular Body-In-White’s (BIW) through its complete life cycle. The proposed LCA model will aid in the early design stages (i.e. conceptual design stage) serving as an eco-design decision-making support tool. This study provides a complete life cycle assessment covering the extraction and the processing of virgin materials, the manufacturing, the use and maintenance stage, the end-of-life stage, in addition to the fuel extraction and production stages. Traditional LCA studies do not usually consider the latter stages which accounts for a significant portion of the energy consumed and the generated CO2 emissions. This study results show that the material selection for vehicular applications is a sensitive process not only to the vehicle lifetime (as expressed in traveled miles), but also to the environmental burdens from the extraction stage and recyclability efforts. Additionally, the proposed study shows the effect of the different materials choices on the vehicle structure functionality.

Suggested Citation

  • Mayyas, Ahmad T. & Qattawi, Ala & Mayyas, Abdel Raouf & Omar, Mohammed A., 2012. "Life cycle assessment-based selection for a sustainable lightweight body-in-white design," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 412-425.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:39:y:2012:i:1:p:412-425
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Seow, Yingying & Goffin, Nicholas & Rahimifard, Shahin & Woolley, Elliot, 2016. "A ‘Design for Energy Minimization’ approach to reduce energy consumption during the manufacturing phase," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 894-905.
    3. Celalettin Yuce & Fatih Karpat & Nurettin Yavuz & Gökhan Sendeniz, 2014. "A Case Study: Designing for Sustainability and Reliability in an Automotive Seat Structure," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 6(7), pages 1-24, July.
    4. Evangelos Ch. Tsirogiannis & Gerasimos I. Siasos & Georgios E. Stavroulakis & Sofoklis S. Makridis, 2018. "Lightweight Design and Welding Manufacturing of a Hydrogen Fuel Cell Powered Car’s Chassis," Challenges, MDPI, vol. 9(1), pages 1-15, May.
    5. Rachit Kumar Sharma & Geo Raju & Prabir Sarkar & Harpreet Singh & Ekta Singla, 2022. "Comparing the environmental impacts of paracetamol dosage forms using life cycle assessment," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 24(10), pages 12446-12466, October.
    6. Viñoles-Cebolla, Rosario & Bastante-Ceca, María José & Capuz-Rizo, Salvador F., 2015. "An integrated method to calculate an automobile's emissions throughout its life cycle," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 125-136.
    7. Mijailović, Radomir, 2013. "The optimal lifetime of passenger cars based on minimization of CO2 emission," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 869-878.
    8. Moritz Ostermann & Julian Grenz & Marcel Triebus & Felipe Cerdas & Thorsten Marten & Thomas Tröster & Christoph Herrmann, 2023. "Integrating Prospective Scenarios in Life Cycle Engineering: Case Study of Lightweight Structures," Energies, MDPI, vol. 16(8), pages 1-24, April.

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