The emergence of an electric mobility trajectory
In this paper, we analyse the emergence of a trajectory of electric moblity. We describe developments in electric vehicles before and after 2005. The central thesis of the paper is that electric mobility has crossed a critical threshold and is benefitting from various developments whose influence can be expected to grow in importance: high oil prices, carbon constraints, and rise of organised car sharing and intermodality. We find that the development of vehicle engine technology depends on changes in (fueling) infrastructure, changes in mobility, changes in the global car market, evolution of energy prices, climate policy, and changes in the electricity sector. Special attention is given to interaction of technological alternatives: how these work out for the future of battery electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.
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- Vanessa Oltra & Maïder Saint Jean, 2009. "Variety of technological trajectories in low emission vehicles (LEVs) : a patent data analysis," Post-Print hal-00274411, HAL.
- Geels, Frank W., 2002. "Technological transitions as evolutionary reconfiguration processes: a multi-level perspective and a case-study," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(8-9), pages 1257-1274, December.
- Geels, Frank W. & Schot, Johan, 2007. "Typology of sociotechnical transition pathways," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 399-417, April.
- Paul Nieuwenhuis & Peter Wells, 2007. "The all-steel body as a cornerstone to the foundations of the mass production car industry," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(2), pages 183-211, April.
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