China's energy security, the Malacca dilemma and responses
China's rapid economic growth has led to a huge increase in oil imports. This has raised great concern regarding its energy security because China depends on a single chokepoint, the Strait of Malacca, with nearly three-quarters of its oil imports flowing through the Strait. Given its strategic importance to China and China's little sway on the waterway, this viewpoint focuses mainly on China's concerns about and efforts at both demand and supply sides towards energy security, in particular regarding the Malacca dilemma, and puts potential Arctic oil and gas into that context.
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- ZhongXiang Zhang, 2010.
"Assessing China’s Carbon Intensity Pledge for 2020: Stringency and Credibility Issues and their Implications,"
2010.158, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
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- ZhongXiang Zhang, 2010. "Assessing China's Carbon Intensity Pledge for 2020: Stringency and Credibility Issues and Their Implications," Economics Study Area Working Papers 113, East-West Center, Economics Study Area.
- Zhang, ZhongXiang, 2010.
"China in the transition to a low-carbon economy,"
Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6638-6653, November.
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"Environmental Security and its Implications for China’s Foreign Relations,"
2011.30, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
- Junko Mochizuki & ZhongXiang Zhang, 2011. "Environmental Security and its Implications for China’s Foreign Relations," Economics Study Area Working Papers 116, East-West Center, Economics Study Area.
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- Ellen Bruzelius Backer, 2007. "The Mekong River Commission: Does It Work, and How Does the Mekong Basin’s Geography Influence Its Effectiveness?," Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, Institute of Asian Studies, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, vol. 26(4), pages 32-56.
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