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Preference hierarchies for internal finance, bank loans, bond, and share issues: evidence for Dutch firms

Listed author(s):
  • de Haan, Leo
  • Hinloopen, Jeroen

We estimate the incremental financing decision for a sample of some 150Dutch companies for the years 1984 through 1997, thereby distinguishinginternal finance and three types of external finance: bank borrowing, bondissues and share issues. First, we estimate a multinomial logit model whichconfirms several predictions of both the static trade-off theory and thepecking-order theory as to the determinants of financing choices. Next, weuse ordered probit models to determine which financing hierarchy fits thedata best. The results suggest that Dutch firms have a most-preferredfinancing hierarchy: (i) internal finance, (ii) bank loans, (iii) shareissues, (iv) bonds issues.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Empirical Finance.

Volume (Year): 10 (2003)
Issue (Month): 5 (December)
Pages: 661-681

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Handle: RePEc:eee:empfin:v:10:y:2003:i:5:p:661-681
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jempfin

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  3. Myers, Stewart C. & Majluf, Nicholas S., 1984. "Corporate financing and investment decisions when firms have information that investors do not have," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 187-221, June.
  4. Maria Elena Bontempi, 2002. "The dynamic specification of the modified pecking order theory: Its relevance to Italy," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 1-22.
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  8. Lucas, Deborah J & McDonald, Robert L, 1990. " Equity Issues and Stock Price Dynamics," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 45(4), pages 1019-1043, September.
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  17. DeAngelo, Harry & Masulis, Ronald W., 1980. "Optimal capital structure under corporate and personal taxation," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 3-29, March.
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